Over-nominating candidates, undermining the party: The collective action problem under SNTV in Japan

Kuniaki Nemoto, Robert Pekkanen, Ellis Krauss

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Any political party has a profound interest in maximizing seats, which in turn requires running the optimum number of candidates. However, to do this presumes solving a collective action problem among self-interested party members or leaders, and is deeply conditioned by the electoral system. The case of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party under the Single Non-Transferable Vote electoral system provides a superb illustration of how party leaders, even in a famously electorally successful party, will be unable to solve these dilemmas because of key facilitating institutions: first, party president selection rules; second, prime ministerial control over allocation of positions; third, a weak party label. Contrary to existing literature, we find ambitious factions consistently nominated too many candidates - deliberately risking the party's losing seats. We draw attention to the sources of party strength in a novel way, and to how party rules interact with electoral systems to shape both parties and politics.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)740-750
    Number of pages11
    JournalParty Politics
    Volume20
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    electoral system
    collective behavior
    candidacy
    Japan
    leader
    party member
    faction
    voter
    president
    politics

    Keywords

    • Electoral systems
    • factionalism
    • Japan
    • Liberal Democratic Party

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    Over-nominating candidates, undermining the party : The collective action problem under SNTV in Japan. / Nemoto, Kuniaki; Pekkanen, Robert; Krauss, Ellis.

    In: Party Politics, Vol. 20, No. 5, 2014, p. 740-750.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Nemoto, Kuniaki ; Pekkanen, Robert ; Krauss, Ellis. / Over-nominating candidates, undermining the party : The collective action problem under SNTV in Japan. In: Party Politics. 2014 ; Vol. 20, No. 5. pp. 740-750.
    @article{770e62318dff4b98b26a4ddf5a068f1f,
    title = "Over-nominating candidates, undermining the party: The collective action problem under SNTV in Japan",
    abstract = "Any political party has a profound interest in maximizing seats, which in turn requires running the optimum number of candidates. However, to do this presumes solving a collective action problem among self-interested party members or leaders, and is deeply conditioned by the electoral system. The case of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party under the Single Non-Transferable Vote electoral system provides a superb illustration of how party leaders, even in a famously electorally successful party, will be unable to solve these dilemmas because of key facilitating institutions: first, party president selection rules; second, prime ministerial control over allocation of positions; third, a weak party label. Contrary to existing literature, we find ambitious factions consistently nominated too many candidates - deliberately risking the party's losing seats. We draw attention to the sources of party strength in a novel way, and to how party rules interact with electoral systems to shape both parties and politics.",
    keywords = "Electoral systems, factionalism, Japan, Liberal Democratic Party",
    author = "Kuniaki Nemoto and Robert Pekkanen and Ellis Krauss",
    year = "2014",
    doi = "10.1177/1354068812453369",
    language = "English",
    volume = "20",
    pages = "740--750",
    journal = "Party Politics",
    issn = "1354-0688",
    publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
    number = "5",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Over-nominating candidates, undermining the party

    T2 - The collective action problem under SNTV in Japan

    AU - Nemoto, Kuniaki

    AU - Pekkanen, Robert

    AU - Krauss, Ellis

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - Any political party has a profound interest in maximizing seats, which in turn requires running the optimum number of candidates. However, to do this presumes solving a collective action problem among self-interested party members or leaders, and is deeply conditioned by the electoral system. The case of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party under the Single Non-Transferable Vote electoral system provides a superb illustration of how party leaders, even in a famously electorally successful party, will be unable to solve these dilemmas because of key facilitating institutions: first, party president selection rules; second, prime ministerial control over allocation of positions; third, a weak party label. Contrary to existing literature, we find ambitious factions consistently nominated too many candidates - deliberately risking the party's losing seats. We draw attention to the sources of party strength in a novel way, and to how party rules interact with electoral systems to shape both parties and politics.

    AB - Any political party has a profound interest in maximizing seats, which in turn requires running the optimum number of candidates. However, to do this presumes solving a collective action problem among self-interested party members or leaders, and is deeply conditioned by the electoral system. The case of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party under the Single Non-Transferable Vote electoral system provides a superb illustration of how party leaders, even in a famously electorally successful party, will be unable to solve these dilemmas because of key facilitating institutions: first, party president selection rules; second, prime ministerial control over allocation of positions; third, a weak party label. Contrary to existing literature, we find ambitious factions consistently nominated too many candidates - deliberately risking the party's losing seats. We draw attention to the sources of party strength in a novel way, and to how party rules interact with electoral systems to shape both parties and politics.

    KW - Electoral systems

    KW - factionalism

    KW - Japan

    KW - Liberal Democratic Party

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84906349857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84906349857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1177/1354068812453369

    DO - 10.1177/1354068812453369

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:84906349857

    VL - 20

    SP - 740

    EP - 750

    JO - Party Politics

    JF - Party Politics

    SN - 1354-0688

    IS - 5

    ER -