Oxidative stress and inflammation induced by waterpipe tobacco smoking despite possible protective effects of exercise training: A review of the literature

Behzad Taati, Hamid Arazi, Katsuhiko Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The prevalence of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS), which is also known as ghalyan, shisha or hookah, is increasing rapidly around the world, especially among youth. Growing interest in this form of tobacco smoking can be traced, in part, to the use of flavored tobacco products, social acceptability as a safer option than cigarettes, and its consideration as a relaxation method or entertainment. However, there is a well-established association between WTS and oxidative stress that causes irreversible chronic pathological conditions such as cardiovascular and respiratory problems, as well as different types of cancers, and thus increases the risk of mortality. Clearly, induction of inflammation status through increased reactive oxygen species (ROS), which in turn leads to oxidative stress and harm to lipids, DNA, and proteins, is the most plausible mechanism to explain the potential harmful effects of WTS. Unlike WTS, well-designed exercise training programs increase ROS to the extent that it is beneficial to the body. In this study, we aimed to review available evidence on the impact of exercise training on oxidative stress and inflammation status. We also summarize the effect of acute and chronic WTS on different exercise capacities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number777
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalAntioxidants
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep

Keywords

  • Aerobic training
  • Chronic diseases
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Exercise capacity
  • Ghalyan
  • Hookah
  • Lung function
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Shisha

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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