Oxygen isotopic alteration in Ca-Al-rich inclusions from Efremovka

Nebular or parent body setting?

Timothy Jay Fagan, A. N. Krot, K. Keil, H. Yurimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In situ SIMS oxygen isotope data were collected from a coarse-grained type B1 Ca-Al-rich inclusion (CAI) and an adjacent fine-grained CAI in the reduced CV3 Efremovka to evaluate the timing of isotopic alteration of these two objects. The coarse-grained CAI (CGI-10) is a sub-spherical object composed of elongate, euhedral, normally-zoned melilite crystals ranging up to several hundreds of μm in length, coarse-grained anorthite and Al, Ti-diopside (fassaite), all with fine-grained (∼10 μm across) inclusions of spinel. Similar to many previously examined coarse-grained CAIs from CV chondrites, spinel and fassaite are 16O-rich and melilite is 16O-poor, but in contrast to many previous results, anorthite is 16O-rich. Isotopic composition does not vary with textural setting in the CAI: analyses of melilite from the core and mantle and analyses from a variety of major element compositions yield consistent 16O-poor compositions. CGI-10 originated in an 16O-rich environment, and subsequent alteration resulted in complete isotopic exchange in melilite. The fine-grained CAI (FGI-12) also preserves evidence of a 1st-generation origin in an 16O-rich setting but underwent less severe isotopic alteration. FGI-12 is composed of spinel ± melilite nodules linked by a mass of Aldiopside and minor forsterite along the CAI rim. All minerals are very fine-grained (<5 μm) with no apparent igneous textures or zoning. Spinel, Al-diopside, and forsterite are 16O-rich, while melilite is variably depleted in 16O17, 18O from ∼-40% to -5%). The contrast in isojtopic distributions in CGI-10 and FGI-12 is opposite to the pattern that would result from simultaneous alteration: the object with finer-grained melilite and a greater surface area/volume has undergone less isotopic exchange than the coarser-grained object. Thus, the two CAIs were altered in different settings. As the CAIs are adjacent to each other in the meteorite, isotopic exchange in CGI-10 must have preceded incorporation of this CAI in the Efremovka parent body. This supports a nebular setting for isotopic alteration of the commonly observed 16O-poor melilite in coarse-grained CAIs from CV chondrites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1257-1272
Number of pages16
JournalMeteoritics and Planetary Science
Volume39
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Aug
Externally publishedYes

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melilite
parent body
computer assisted instruction
inclusions
oxygen
spinel
forsterite
anorthite
chondrites
diopside
chondrite
nodules
oxygen isotopes
meteorites
rims
meteorite
secondary ion mass spectrometry
zoning
oxygen isotope
Earth mantle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics

Cite this

Oxygen isotopic alteration in Ca-Al-rich inclusions from Efremovka : Nebular or parent body setting? / Fagan, Timothy Jay; Krot, A. N.; Keil, K.; Yurimoto, H.

In: Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 39, No. 8, 08.2004, p. 1257-1272.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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