PAH and fullerene formation from low pressure combustion of aromatic hydrocarbon fuel

Hiroaki Takehara, Shunichi Yoshikawa, Masahiko Shibahara, Nilson Kunioshi, Masashi Katsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A sooting flame was established in a reduced-pressure combustion chamber using the vitiated coflow burner with a premixed methane flame for the surrounding flame and a diffusion or premixed toluene flame for the center flame. Collected soot samples were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography to determine the fullerene content of soot and the species of PAHs. The results showed that the fullerene content of soot changed depending on the combustion conditions such as the chamber pressure, the center nozzle length and the equivalence ratio of the surrounding flame and the center flame. The species of PAHs also changed depending on the combustion condition. When the fullerene content of soot was relatively high, the fractions of Acenaphthylene, Fluorene, Phenanthrene, Fluoranthene and Pyrene were relatively high. The fact suggests that these PAH species have some relation to fullerene formation in flames.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-689
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume71
Issue number702
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Feb
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

hydrocarbon fuels
Aromatic hydrocarbons
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Fullerenes
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Soot
fullerenes
flames
low pressure
soot
Pyrene
High performance liquid chromatography
Combustion chambers
Fuel burners
Gas chromatography
Toluene
Nozzles
Methane
phenanthrene
pressure chambers

Keywords

  • Burner
  • Chemical Reaction
  • Combustion
  • Combustion Products
  • Flame
  • Fullerene
  • PAH
  • Reaction Mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

PAH and fullerene formation from low pressure combustion of aromatic hydrocarbon fuel. / Takehara, Hiroaki; Yoshikawa, Shunichi; Shibahara, Masahiko; Kunioshi, Nilson; Katsuki, Masashi.

In: Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B, Vol. 71, No. 702, 02.2005, p. 682-689.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bfb35b3186cd45f0a1a725719a7fe81a,
title = "PAH and fullerene formation from low pressure combustion of aromatic hydrocarbon fuel",
abstract = "A sooting flame was established in a reduced-pressure combustion chamber using the vitiated coflow burner with a premixed methane flame for the surrounding flame and a diffusion or premixed toluene flame for the center flame. Collected soot samples were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography to determine the fullerene content of soot and the species of PAHs. The results showed that the fullerene content of soot changed depending on the combustion conditions such as the chamber pressure, the center nozzle length and the equivalence ratio of the surrounding flame and the center flame. The species of PAHs also changed depending on the combustion condition. When the fullerene content of soot was relatively high, the fractions of Acenaphthylene, Fluorene, Phenanthrene, Fluoranthene and Pyrene were relatively high. The fact suggests that these PAH species have some relation to fullerene formation in flames.",
keywords = "Burner, Chemical Reaction, Combustion, Combustion Products, Flame, Fullerene, PAH, Reaction Mechanism",
author = "Hiroaki Takehara and Shunichi Yoshikawa and Masahiko Shibahara and Nilson Kunioshi and Masashi Katsuki",
year = "2005",
month = "2",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "682--689",
journal = "Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B",
issn = "0387-5016",
publisher = "Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers",
number = "702",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - PAH and fullerene formation from low pressure combustion of aromatic hydrocarbon fuel

AU - Takehara, Hiroaki

AU - Yoshikawa, Shunichi

AU - Shibahara, Masahiko

AU - Kunioshi, Nilson

AU - Katsuki, Masashi

PY - 2005/2

Y1 - 2005/2

N2 - A sooting flame was established in a reduced-pressure combustion chamber using the vitiated coflow burner with a premixed methane flame for the surrounding flame and a diffusion or premixed toluene flame for the center flame. Collected soot samples were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography to determine the fullerene content of soot and the species of PAHs. The results showed that the fullerene content of soot changed depending on the combustion conditions such as the chamber pressure, the center nozzle length and the equivalence ratio of the surrounding flame and the center flame. The species of PAHs also changed depending on the combustion condition. When the fullerene content of soot was relatively high, the fractions of Acenaphthylene, Fluorene, Phenanthrene, Fluoranthene and Pyrene were relatively high. The fact suggests that these PAH species have some relation to fullerene formation in flames.

AB - A sooting flame was established in a reduced-pressure combustion chamber using the vitiated coflow burner with a premixed methane flame for the surrounding flame and a diffusion or premixed toluene flame for the center flame. Collected soot samples were analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography to determine the fullerene content of soot and the species of PAHs. The results showed that the fullerene content of soot changed depending on the combustion conditions such as the chamber pressure, the center nozzle length and the equivalence ratio of the surrounding flame and the center flame. The species of PAHs also changed depending on the combustion condition. When the fullerene content of soot was relatively high, the fractions of Acenaphthylene, Fluorene, Phenanthrene, Fluoranthene and Pyrene were relatively high. The fact suggests that these PAH species have some relation to fullerene formation in flames.

KW - Burner

KW - Chemical Reaction

KW - Combustion

KW - Combustion Products

KW - Flame

KW - Fullerene

KW - PAH

KW - Reaction Mechanism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=18344396453&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=18344396453&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:18344396453

VL - 71

SP - 682

EP - 689

JO - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

JF - Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B

SN - 0387-5016

IS - 702

ER -