People With High Autistic Traits Show Fewer Consensual Crossmodal Correspondences Between Visual Features and Tastes

Na Chen*, Katsumi Watanabe, Makoto Wada

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Crossmodal correspondences between visual features (e.g., color/shape) and tastes have been extensively documented in recent years. Visual colors and shapes have been shown to consensually match to specific tastes. Meanwhile, individuals with autism spectrum disorder are reported to have atypical sensory processing and deficits in multisensory integration. However, the influence of autistic traits on the formation of such correspondences is relatively unknown. Here, we examined whether autistic traits could influence visual–taste associations using an online questionnaire survey among Japanese participants. The results showed that the participants exhibited strong color–taste, shape–taste, and shape–color associations, and the proportions of choosing the consensual color–taste/shape–color associations were significantly associated with autistic traits. The participants with higher autistic quotient scores chose fewer of the consensual color–taste/shape–color associations while there was no difference in choosing shape–taste associations. We interpreted the results as statistical learning with a reduced prior knowledge effect in participants with higher autistic quotient scores.

Original languageEnglish
Article number714277
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep 8

Keywords

  • autistic traits
  • color–taste association
  • crossmodal correspondence
  • shape–color association
  • shape–taste association

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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