Perceived and Objectively Measured Access to Strength-Training Facilities and Strength-Training Behavior

Kazuhiro Harada*, Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii, Yung Liao, Koichiro Oka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The promotion of strength training is a public health priority. Employing both self-reported and objective assessment of environmental factors is helpful for a better understanding of the environmental influences on strength-training behavior.

Purpose: This study aims to investigate the associations of perceived and objectively measured access to strength-training facilities with strength-training behavior.

Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey targeted 3,000 Japanese adults and 1,051 responded validly. Strength-training behavior, perceived access to facilities, and sociodemographic factors were assessed. Objective access to facilities was calculated using a geographic information system. Logistic regression analyses were conducted.

Results: Perceived good access to the facilities was significantly associated with strength-training behavior, whereas objective access to the facilities was not, even when adjusted for sociodemographic factors and other measures of access to strength-training facilities.

Conclusions: Perceived access to the facilities may be a stronger predictor of strength-training behavior than objective access.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-124
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 1


  • Environment design
  • Exercise
  • Fitness centers
  • Geographic information systems
  • Health promotion
  • Resistance training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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