Performance control in one consecutive motor task sequence – Approaching central neuronal motor behaviour preceding isometric contraction onsets and relaxation offsets at lower distinct torques

Tobias Vogt, Koki Kato, N. Flüthmann, O. Bloch, H. Nakata, Kazuyuki Kanosue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Motor-related cortical potentials (MRCP) often compared separated muscle activations; however, MRCP preceding combined contraction onsets and relaxation offsets of one consecutive motor task sequence remain to be elucidated. Methods: Twelve healthy males (27.92±4.33 years, 181.83±7.15 cm, 84.58±7.15 kg) performed 40 submaximal isometric right-limb wrist flexions (i.e. motor task sequences). Each motor task sequence combined timed contractions to and relaxations from distinct torque levels, i.e. 20% and 40% of maximum voluntary contractions (MVC). Synchronized continuous EEG (32 Ag/AgCl-electrodes mounted over motor-related areas) and EMG (i.e. flexor carpi radialis, FCR) recordings served to detect torque level-on/offsets for MRCP analyses. Results: Motor task sequences were accurately maintained with participants’ mean values of FCR muscle activity revealing no signs of fatigue (p>0.05). Main findings (i.e. readiness potential) were larger amplitudes over frontal electrode sites (p<0.05) preceding contractions compared to relaxations, whereas amplitudes were larger (i.e. peak) over centro-parietal electrode sites (p<0.05) preceding 40% compared to 20% MVC. Conclusion: When performed in one consecutive motor task sequence, controlling the production as well as the releasing of force may require similar proprioceptive and visuo-motor processing preceding the same force level (i.e. 20% or 40%); however, this is irrespective of the muscle activation type (i.e. contraction or relaxation).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Isometric Contraction
Torque
Electrodes
Muscles
Contingent Negative Variation
Motor Cortex
Wrist
Fatigue
Electroencephalography
Extremities

Keywords

  • EEG
  • EMG
  • Force
  • MRCP
  • Readiness potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Performance control in one consecutive motor task sequence – Approaching central neuronal motor behaviour preceding isometric contraction onsets and relaxation offsets at lower distinct torques",
abstract = "Objective: Motor-related cortical potentials (MRCP) often compared separated muscle activations; however, MRCP preceding combined contraction onsets and relaxation offsets of one consecutive motor task sequence remain to be elucidated. Methods: Twelve healthy males (27.92±4.33 years, 181.83±7.15 cm, 84.58±7.15 kg) performed 40 submaximal isometric right-limb wrist flexions (i.e. motor task sequences). Each motor task sequence combined timed contractions to and relaxations from distinct torque levels, i.e. 20{\%} and 40{\%} of maximum voluntary contractions (MVC). Synchronized continuous EEG (32 Ag/AgCl-electrodes mounted over motor-related areas) and EMG (i.e. flexor carpi radialis, FCR) recordings served to detect torque level-on/offsets for MRCP analyses. Results: Motor task sequences were accurately maintained with participants’ mean values of FCR muscle activity revealing no signs of fatigue (p>0.05). Main findings (i.e. readiness potential) were larger amplitudes over frontal electrode sites (p<0.05) preceding contractions compared to relaxations, whereas amplitudes were larger (i.e. peak) over centro-parietal electrode sites (p<0.05) preceding 40{\%} compared to 20{\%} MVC. Conclusion: When performed in one consecutive motor task sequence, controlling the production as well as the releasing of force may require similar proprioceptive and visuo-motor processing preceding the same force level (i.e. 20{\%} or 40{\%}); however, this is irrespective of the muscle activation type (i.e. contraction or relaxation).",
keywords = "EEG, EMG, Force, MRCP, Readiness potential",
author = "Tobias Vogt and Koki Kato and N. Fl{\"u}thmann and O. Bloch and H. Nakata and Kazuyuki Kanosue",
year = "2018",
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T1 - Performance control in one consecutive motor task sequence – Approaching central neuronal motor behaviour preceding isometric contraction onsets and relaxation offsets at lower distinct torques

AU - Vogt, Tobias

AU - Kato, Koki

AU - Flüthmann, N.

AU - Bloch, O.

AU - Nakata, H.

AU - Kanosue, Kazuyuki

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - Objective: Motor-related cortical potentials (MRCP) often compared separated muscle activations; however, MRCP preceding combined contraction onsets and relaxation offsets of one consecutive motor task sequence remain to be elucidated. Methods: Twelve healthy males (27.92±4.33 years, 181.83±7.15 cm, 84.58±7.15 kg) performed 40 submaximal isometric right-limb wrist flexions (i.e. motor task sequences). Each motor task sequence combined timed contractions to and relaxations from distinct torque levels, i.e. 20% and 40% of maximum voluntary contractions (MVC). Synchronized continuous EEG (32 Ag/AgCl-electrodes mounted over motor-related areas) and EMG (i.e. flexor carpi radialis, FCR) recordings served to detect torque level-on/offsets for MRCP analyses. Results: Motor task sequences were accurately maintained with participants’ mean values of FCR muscle activity revealing no signs of fatigue (p>0.05). Main findings (i.e. readiness potential) were larger amplitudes over frontal electrode sites (p<0.05) preceding contractions compared to relaxations, whereas amplitudes were larger (i.e. peak) over centro-parietal electrode sites (p<0.05) preceding 40% compared to 20% MVC. Conclusion: When performed in one consecutive motor task sequence, controlling the production as well as the releasing of force may require similar proprioceptive and visuo-motor processing preceding the same force level (i.e. 20% or 40%); however, this is irrespective of the muscle activation type (i.e. contraction or relaxation).

AB - Objective: Motor-related cortical potentials (MRCP) often compared separated muscle activations; however, MRCP preceding combined contraction onsets and relaxation offsets of one consecutive motor task sequence remain to be elucidated. Methods: Twelve healthy males (27.92±4.33 years, 181.83±7.15 cm, 84.58±7.15 kg) performed 40 submaximal isometric right-limb wrist flexions (i.e. motor task sequences). Each motor task sequence combined timed contractions to and relaxations from distinct torque levels, i.e. 20% and 40% of maximum voluntary contractions (MVC). Synchronized continuous EEG (32 Ag/AgCl-electrodes mounted over motor-related areas) and EMG (i.e. flexor carpi radialis, FCR) recordings served to detect torque level-on/offsets for MRCP analyses. Results: Motor task sequences were accurately maintained with participants’ mean values of FCR muscle activity revealing no signs of fatigue (p>0.05). Main findings (i.e. readiness potential) were larger amplitudes over frontal electrode sites (p<0.05) preceding contractions compared to relaxations, whereas amplitudes were larger (i.e. peak) over centro-parietal electrode sites (p<0.05) preceding 40% compared to 20% MVC. Conclusion: When performed in one consecutive motor task sequence, controlling the production as well as the releasing of force may require similar proprioceptive and visuo-motor processing preceding the same force level (i.e. 20% or 40%); however, this is irrespective of the muscle activation type (i.e. contraction or relaxation).

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