Performance evaluation of newly developed SrI2(Eu) scintillator

M. Takabe, A. Kishimoto, Jun Kataoka, S. Sakuragi, Y. Yamasaki

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The development of europium-doped strontium iodide (SrI2(Eu)) has attracted considerable attention, because of its excellent material properties as regards gamma-ray scintillator applications. These include its excellent energy resolution, high light output (>80,000ph/MeV), and high effective atomic number (Z=49). Here we report on the performance of ϕ 1 in×1 in SrI2(Eu) cylindrical crystals newly fabricated by Union Materials Inc. In this study, we measured the energy resolution and light output at 10 °C temperature intervals between −40 and 40 °C, using an optically coupled 2-in photomultiplier tube (PMT) (Super Bialkali, Hamamatsu). The SrI2(Eu) light output increased by 0.12%/°C as the temperature decreased. At −40 °C, we obtained the optimal energy resolution recording 2.91±0.02% full width at half maximum (FWHM) for 662 keV gamma rays measured with 137Cs. For comparison, we also measured the same crystal using both a large-area (19×19 mm2) avalanche photodiode detector (APD) and 8×8 multi-pixel photon counter (MPPC) arrays of 3×3 mm2 pixels. The energy resolutions of 2.94±0.02%, 3.14±0.06% and 3.99±0.01% were obtained using PMT, APD, and MPPC, respectively, as measured at −20 °C. We also measured the inherent background of SrI2(Eu) in a cave composed of Cu–Pb blocks with their thickness of 5–10 cm confirming that SrI2(Eu) has an extremely low inherent background radiation. In this study, we have shown that SrI2(Eu) is a promising scintillator that can be utilized for radiation measurements incorporating low-energy X-rays to high-energy gamma rays, and can thus be applied in various medical, industrial, and environmental treatment fields in the near future.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)260-264
    Number of pages5
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Volume831
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 21

      Fingerprint

    Keywords

    • Energy resolution
    • Inherent background radiation
    • Light output
    • Radiation detector
    • SrI(Eu) scintillator
    • Temperature dependence

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Instrumentation

    Cite this