Performance of Non-stoichiometric Perovskite Catalyst (AxCrO3−δ, A

La, Pr, Nd) for Dehydrogenation of Propane Under Steam Condition

Ryo Watanabe, Masahiro Tsujioka, Choji Fukuhara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of the non-stoichiometry in the AxCrO3−δ (A: La, Pr, Nd, 0.90 ≤ x ≤ 1.05) perovskite-type oxide on the dehydrogenation performance of propane using steam (DHP-S). The slight change in the molar ratio of the A-site (=La, Pr, Nd) to the B-site cation (=Cr) from the stoichiometric composition (A/B = 1) significantly affected the dehydrogenation performance. For the La-based catalyst, the LaxCrO3−δ catalyst with 0.90 ≤ x ≤ 0.97 displayed a relatively high activity, while the catalyst with 0.97 < x ≤ 1.05 did not show any activity for the DHP-S. The perovskite catalyst having the A-site defect presented a high performance for the DHP-S regardless of the types of A-site cation. The Nd0.95CrO3−δ catalyst displayed the highest performance among the A-site defective perovskite catalysts. The Nd0.95CrO3−δ catalyst also showed a superior stability compared to the CrOx/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. Based on an XPS measurement, the reduction–oxidation (redox) property was improved by changing the Nd/Cr molar ratio from the stoichiometric composition (Nd/Cr = 1) to a non-stoichiometric composition. Such a good redox property would produce a high performance for the DHP-S. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalCatalysis Letters
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016 Oct 13
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Propane
Steam
Dehydrogenation
Perovskite
Catalysts
Cations
Positive ions
Chemical analysis
perovskite
Oxides
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Defects

Keywords

  • Dehydrogenation
  • Non-stoichiometry
  • Perovskite
  • Propylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Performance of Non-stoichiometric Perovskite Catalyst (AxCrO3−δ, A : La, Pr, Nd) for Dehydrogenation of Propane Under Steam Condition. / Watanabe, Ryo; Tsujioka, Masahiro; Fukuhara, Choji.

In: Catalysis Letters, 13.10.2016, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Abstract: The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of the non-stoichiometry in the AxCrO3−δ (A: La, Pr, Nd, 0.90 ≤ x ≤ 1.05) perovskite-type oxide on the dehydrogenation performance of propane using steam (DHP-S). The slight change in the molar ratio of the A-site (=La, Pr, Nd) to the B-site cation (=Cr) from the stoichiometric composition (A/B = 1) significantly affected the dehydrogenation performance. For the La-based catalyst, the LaxCrO3−δ catalyst with 0.90 ≤ x ≤ 0.97 displayed a relatively high activity, while the catalyst with 0.97 < x ≤ 1.05 did not show any activity for the DHP-S. The perovskite catalyst having the A-site defect presented a high performance for the DHP-S regardless of the types of A-site cation. The Nd0.95CrO3−δ catalyst displayed the highest performance among the A-site defective perovskite catalysts. The Nd0.95CrO3−δ catalyst also showed a superior stability compared to the CrOx/γ-Al2O3 catalyst. Based on an XPS measurement, the reduction–oxidation (redox) property was improved by changing the Nd/Cr molar ratio from the stoichiometric composition (Nd/Cr = 1) to a non-stoichiometric composition. Such a good redox property would produce a high performance for the DHP-S. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

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