Performance of the front-end electronics of the ANTARES neutrino telescope

J. A. Aguilar, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, S. Anvar, M. Ardid, A. C. Assis Jesus, T. Astraatmadja, J. J. Aubert, R. Auer, B. Baret, S. Basa, M. Bazzotti, V. Bertin, S. Biagi, C. Bigongiari, M. Bou-Cabo, M. C. Bouwhuis, A. Brown & 139 others J. Brunner, J. Busto, F. Camarena, A. Capone, L. Caponetto, C. Crloganu, G. Carminati, J. Carr, E. Castorina, V. Cavasinni, S. Cecchini, Th Chaleil, Charvis, T. Chiarusi, N. Chon Sen, M. Circella, H. Costantini, N. Cottini, P. Coyle, C. Curtil, G. De Bonis, N. De Botton, I. Dekeyser, E. Delagnes, A. Deschamps, C. Distefano, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, D. Drouhin, F. Druillole, T. Eberl, U. Emanuele, J. P. Ernenwein, S. Escoffier, E. Falchini, F. Fehr, F. Feinstein, V. Flaminio, J. Fopma, K. Fratini, U. Fritsch, J. L. Fuda, P. Gay, G. Giacomelli, J. P. Gmez-Gonzlez, K. Graf, G. Guillard, G. Halladjian, G. Hallewell, C. Hoffmann, H. Van Haren, A. J. Heijboer, Y. Hello, J. J. Hernndez-Rey, B. Herold, J. Hßl, M. De Jong, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, U. Katz, P. Kooijman, C. Kopper, A. Kouchner, W. Kretschmer, D. Lachartre, H. Lafoux, R. Lahmann, P. Lamare, G. Lambard, G. Larosa, H. Laschinsky, H. Le Provost, A. Le Van Suu, D. Lefvre, T. Legou, G. Lelaizant, G. Lim, D. Lo Presti, H. Loehner, S. Loucatos, F. Lucarelli, S. Mangano, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, J. A. Martinez-Mora, A. Mazure, E. Monmarthe, T. Montaruli, M. Morganti, L. Moscoso, Holger Martin Motz, C. Naumann, M. Neff, Ch Olivetto, R. Ostasch, D. Palioselitis, G. E. Pvla, P. Payre, J. Petrovic, P. Piattelli, N. Picot-Clemente, C. Picq, J. P. Pineau, J. Poinsignon, V. Popa, T. Pradier, E. Presani, C. Racca, A. Radu, C. Reed, F. Rthor, G. Riccobene, C. Richardt, M. Rujoiu, G. V. Russo, F. Salesa, P. Sapienza, F. Schck, J. P. Schuller, R. Shanidze, F. Simeone, M. Spurio, J. J M Steijger, Th Stolarczyk, C. Tamburini, L. Tasca, S. Toscano, B. Vallage, V. Van Elewyck, G. Vannoni, M. Vecchi, P. Vernin, G. Wijnker, E. De Wolf, H. Yepes, D. Zaborov, J. D. Zornoza, J. Ziga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ANTARES is a high-energy neutrino telescope installed in the Mediterranean Sea at a depth of 2475 m. It consists of a three-dimensional array of optical modules, each containing a large photomultiplier tube. A total of 2700 front-end ASICs named analogue ring samplers (ARS) process the phototube signals, measure their arrival time, amplitude and shape as well as perform monitoring and calibration tasks. The ARS chip processes the analogue signals from the optical modules and converts information into digital data. All the information is transmitted to shore through further multiplexing electronics and an optical link. This paper describes the performance of the ARS chip; results from the functionality and characterization tests in the laboratory are summarized and the long-term performance in the apparatus is illustrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-73
Number of pages15
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume622
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phototubes
Optical links
Photomultipliers
Application specific integrated circuits
Multiplexing
Telescopes
samplers
Electronic equipment
neutrinos
Calibration
telescopes
analogs
Monitoring
electronics
rings
modules
chips
phototubes
Mediterranean Sea
digital data

Keywords

  • ASIC
  • Front-end electronics
  • Neutrino telescope
  • Photomultiplier tube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Performance of the front-end electronics of the ANTARES neutrino telescope. / Aguilar, J. A.; Al Samarai, I.; Albert, A.; Anghinolfi, M.; Anton, G.; Anvar, S.; Ardid, M.; Assis Jesus, A. C.; Astraatmadja, T.; Aubert, J. J.; Auer, R.; Baret, B.; Basa, S.; Bazzotti, M.; Bertin, V.; Biagi, S.; Bigongiari, C.; Bou-Cabo, M.; Bouwhuis, M. C.; Brown, A.; Brunner, J.; Busto, J.; Camarena, F.; Capone, A.; Caponetto, L.; Crloganu, C.; Carminati, G.; Carr, J.; Castorina, E.; Cavasinni, V.; Cecchini, S.; Chaleil, Th; Charvis; Chiarusi, T.; Chon Sen, N.; Circella, M.; Costantini, H.; Cottini, N.; Coyle, P.; Curtil, C.; De Bonis, G.; De Botton, N.; Dekeyser, I.; Delagnes, E.; Deschamps, A.; Distefano, C.; Donzaud, C.; Dornic, D.; Drouhin, D.; Druillole, F.; Eberl, T.; Emanuele, U.; Ernenwein, J. P.; Escoffier, S.; Falchini, E.; Fehr, F.; Feinstein, F.; Flaminio, V.; Fopma, J.; Fratini, K.; Fritsch, U.; Fuda, J. L.; Gay, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Gmez-Gonzlez, J. P.; Graf, K.; Guillard, G.; Halladjian, G.; Hallewell, G.; Hoffmann, C.; Van Haren, H.; Heijboer, A. J.; Hello, Y.; Hernndez-Rey, J. J.; Herold, B.; Hßl, J.; De Jong, M.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kalekin, O.; Kappes, A.; Katz, U.; Kooijman, P.; Kopper, C.; Kouchner, A.; Kretschmer, W.; Lachartre, D.; Lafoux, H.; Lahmann, R.; Lamare, P.; Lambard, G.; Larosa, G.; Laschinsky, H.; Le Provost, H.; Le Van Suu, A.; Lefvre, D.; Legou, T.; Lelaizant, G.; Lim, G.; Lo Presti, D.; Loehner, H.; Loucatos, S.; Lucarelli, F.; Mangano, S.; Marcelin, M.; Margiotta, A.; Martinez-Mora, J. A.; Mazure, A.; Monmarthe, E.; Montaruli, T.; Morganti, M.; Moscoso, L.; Motz, Holger Martin; Naumann, C.; Neff, M.; Olivetto, Ch; Ostasch, R.; Palioselitis, D.; Pvla, G. E.; Payre, P.; Petrovic, J.; Piattelli, P.; Picot-Clemente, N.; Picq, C.; Pineau, J. P.; Poinsignon, J.; Popa, V.; Pradier, T.; Presani, E.; Racca, C.; Radu, A.; Reed, C.; Rthor, F.; Riccobene, G.; Richardt, C.; Rujoiu, M.; Russo, G. V.; Salesa, F.; Sapienza, P.; Schck, F.; Schuller, J. P.; Shanidze, R.; Simeone, F.; Spurio, M.; Steijger, J. J M; Stolarczyk, Th; Tamburini, C.; Tasca, L.; Toscano, S.; Vallage, B.; Van Elewyck, V.; Vannoni, G.; Vecchi, M.; Vernin, P.; Wijnker, G.; De Wolf, E.; Yepes, H.; Zaborov, D.; Zornoza, J. D.; Ziga, J.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 622, No. 1, 01.10.2010, p. 59-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aguilar, JA, Al Samarai, I, Albert, A, Anghinolfi, M, Anton, G, Anvar, S, Ardid, M, Assis Jesus, AC, Astraatmadja, T, Aubert, JJ, Auer, R, Baret, B, Basa, S, Bazzotti, M, Bertin, V, Biagi, S, Bigongiari, C, Bou-Cabo, M, Bouwhuis, MC, Brown, A, Brunner, J, Busto, J, Camarena, F, Capone, A, Caponetto, L, Crloganu, C, Carminati, G, Carr, J, Castorina, E, Cavasinni, V, Cecchini, S, Chaleil, T, Charvis, Chiarusi, T, Chon Sen, N, Circella, M, Costantini, H, Cottini, N, Coyle, P, Curtil, C, De Bonis, G, De Botton, N, Dekeyser, I, Delagnes, E, Deschamps, A, Distefano, C, Donzaud, C, Dornic, D, Drouhin, D, Druillole, F, Eberl, T, Emanuele, U, Ernenwein, JP, Escoffier, S, Falchini, E, Fehr, F, Feinstein, F, Flaminio, V, Fopma, J, Fratini, K, Fritsch, U, Fuda, JL, Gay, P, Giacomelli, G, Gmez-Gonzlez, JP, Graf, K, Guillard, G, Halladjian, G, Hallewell, G, Hoffmann, C, Van Haren, H, Heijboer, AJ, Hello, Y, Hernndez-Rey, JJ, Herold, B, Hßl, J, De Jong, M, Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N, Kalekin, O, Kappes, A, Katz, U, Kooijman, P, Kopper, C, Kouchner, A, Kretschmer, W, Lachartre, D, Lafoux, H, Lahmann, R, Lamare, P, Lambard, G, Larosa, G, Laschinsky, H, Le Provost, H, Le Van Suu, A, Lefvre, D, Legou, T, Lelaizant, G, Lim, G, Lo Presti, D, Loehner, H, Loucatos, S, Lucarelli, F, Mangano, S, Marcelin, M, Margiotta, A, Martinez-Mora, JA, Mazure, A, Monmarthe, E, Montaruli, T, Morganti, M, Moscoso, L, Motz, HM, Naumann, C, Neff, M, Olivetto, C, Ostasch, R, Palioselitis, D, Pvla, GE, Payre, P, Petrovic, J, Piattelli, P, Picot-Clemente, N, Picq, C, Pineau, JP, Poinsignon, J, Popa, V, Pradier, T, Presani, E, Racca, C, Radu, A, Reed, C, Rthor, F, Riccobene, G, Richardt, C, Rujoiu, M, Russo, GV, Salesa, F, Sapienza, P, Schck, F, Schuller, JP, Shanidze, R, Simeone, F, Spurio, M, Steijger, JJM, Stolarczyk, T, Tamburini, C, Tasca, L, Toscano, S, Vallage, B, Van Elewyck, V, Vannoni, G, Vecchi, M, Vernin, P, Wijnker, G, De Wolf, E, Yepes, H, Zaborov, D, Zornoza, JD & Ziga, J 2010, 'Performance of the front-end electronics of the ANTARES neutrino telescope', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 622, no. 1, pp. 59-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.06.225
Aguilar, J. A. ; Al Samarai, I. ; Albert, A. ; Anghinolfi, M. ; Anton, G. ; Anvar, S. ; Ardid, M. ; Assis Jesus, A. C. ; Astraatmadja, T. ; Aubert, J. J. ; Auer, R. ; Baret, B. ; Basa, S. ; Bazzotti, M. ; Bertin, V. ; Biagi, S. ; Bigongiari, C. ; Bou-Cabo, M. ; Bouwhuis, M. C. ; Brown, A. ; Brunner, J. ; Busto, J. ; Camarena, F. ; Capone, A. ; Caponetto, L. ; Crloganu, C. ; Carminati, G. ; Carr, J. ; Castorina, E. ; Cavasinni, V. ; Cecchini, S. ; Chaleil, Th ; Charvis ; Chiarusi, T. ; Chon Sen, N. ; Circella, M. ; Costantini, H. ; Cottini, N. ; Coyle, P. ; Curtil, C. ; De Bonis, G. ; De Botton, N. ; Dekeyser, I. ; Delagnes, E. ; Deschamps, A. ; Distefano, C. ; Donzaud, C. ; Dornic, D. ; Drouhin, D. ; Druillole, F. ; Eberl, T. ; Emanuele, U. ; Ernenwein, J. P. ; Escoffier, S. ; Falchini, E. ; Fehr, F. ; Feinstein, F. ; Flaminio, V. ; Fopma, J. ; Fratini, K. ; Fritsch, U. ; Fuda, J. L. ; Gay, P. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Gmez-Gonzlez, J. P. ; Graf, K. ; Guillard, G. ; Halladjian, G. ; Hallewell, G. ; Hoffmann, C. ; Van Haren, H. ; Heijboer, A. J. ; Hello, Y. ; Hernndez-Rey, J. J. ; Herold, B. ; Hßl, J. ; De Jong, M. ; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N. ; Kalekin, O. ; Kappes, A. ; Katz, U. ; Kooijman, P. ; Kopper, C. ; Kouchner, A. ; Kretschmer, W. ; Lachartre, D. ; Lafoux, H. ; Lahmann, R. ; Lamare, P. ; Lambard, G. ; Larosa, G. ; Laschinsky, H. ; Le Provost, H. ; Le Van Suu, A. ; Lefvre, D. ; Legou, T. ; Lelaizant, G. ; Lim, G. ; Lo Presti, D. ; Loehner, H. ; Loucatos, S. ; Lucarelli, F. ; Mangano, S. ; Marcelin, M. ; Margiotta, A. ; Martinez-Mora, J. A. ; Mazure, A. ; Monmarthe, E. ; Montaruli, T. ; Morganti, M. ; Moscoso, L. ; Motz, Holger Martin ; Naumann, C. ; Neff, M. ; Olivetto, Ch ; Ostasch, R. ; Palioselitis, D. ; Pvla, G. E. ; Payre, P. ; Petrovic, J. ; Piattelli, P. ; Picot-Clemente, N. ; Picq, C. ; Pineau, J. P. ; Poinsignon, J. ; Popa, V. ; Pradier, T. ; Presani, E. ; Racca, C. ; Radu, A. ; Reed, C. ; Rthor, F. ; Riccobene, G. ; Richardt, C. ; Rujoiu, M. ; Russo, G. V. ; Salesa, F. ; Sapienza, P. ; Schck, F. ; Schuller, J. P. ; Shanidze, R. ; Simeone, F. ; Spurio, M. ; Steijger, J. J M ; Stolarczyk, Th ; Tamburini, C. ; Tasca, L. ; Toscano, S. ; Vallage, B. ; Van Elewyck, V. ; Vannoni, G. ; Vecchi, M. ; Vernin, P. ; Wijnker, G. ; De Wolf, E. ; Yepes, H. ; Zaborov, D. ; Zornoza, J. D. ; Ziga, J. / Performance of the front-end electronics of the ANTARES neutrino telescope. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 2010 ; Vol. 622, No. 1. pp. 59-73.
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title = "Performance of the front-end electronics of the ANTARES neutrino telescope",
abstract = "ANTARES is a high-energy neutrino telescope installed in the Mediterranean Sea at a depth of 2475 m. It consists of a three-dimensional array of optical modules, each containing a large photomultiplier tube. A total of 2700 front-end ASICs named analogue ring samplers (ARS) process the phototube signals, measure their arrival time, amplitude and shape as well as perform monitoring and calibration tasks. The ARS chip processes the analogue signals from the optical modules and converts information into digital data. All the information is transmitted to shore through further multiplexing electronics and an optical link. This paper describes the performance of the ARS chip; results from the functionality and characterization tests in the laboratory are summarized and the long-term performance in the apparatus is illustrated.",
keywords = "ASIC, Front-end electronics, Neutrino telescope, Photomultiplier tube",
author = "Aguilar, {J. A.} and {Al Samarai}, I. and A. Albert and M. Anghinolfi and G. Anton and S. Anvar and M. Ardid and {Assis Jesus}, {A. C.} and T. Astraatmadja and Aubert, {J. J.} and R. Auer and B. Baret and S. Basa and M. Bazzotti and V. Bertin and S. Biagi and C. Bigongiari and M. Bou-Cabo and Bouwhuis, {M. C.} and A. Brown and J. Brunner and J. Busto and F. Camarena and A. Capone and L. Caponetto and C. Crloganu and G. Carminati and J. Carr and E. Castorina and V. Cavasinni and S. Cecchini and Th Chaleil and Charvis and T. Chiarusi and {Chon Sen}, N. and M. Circella and H. Costantini and N. Cottini and P. Coyle and C. Curtil and {De Bonis}, G. and {De Botton}, N. and I. Dekeyser and E. Delagnes and A. Deschamps and C. Distefano and C. Donzaud and D. Dornic and D. Drouhin and F. Druillole and T. Eberl and U. Emanuele and Ernenwein, {J. P.} and S. Escoffier and E. Falchini and F. Fehr and F. Feinstein and V. Flaminio and J. Fopma and K. Fratini and U. Fritsch and Fuda, {J. L.} and P. Gay and G. Giacomelli and Gmez-Gonzlez, {J. P.} and K. Graf and G. Guillard and G. Halladjian and G. Hallewell and C. Hoffmann and {Van Haren}, H. and Heijboer, {A. J.} and Y. Hello and Hernndez-Rey, {J. J.} and B. Herold and J. H{\ss}l and {De Jong}, M. and N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki and O. Kalekin and A. Kappes and U. Katz and P. Kooijman and C. Kopper and A. Kouchner and W. Kretschmer and D. Lachartre and H. Lafoux and R. Lahmann and P. Lamare and G. Lambard and G. Larosa and H. Laschinsky and {Le Provost}, H. and {Le Van Suu}, A. and D. Lefvre and T. Legou and G. Lelaizant and G. Lim and {Lo Presti}, D. and H. Loehner and S. Loucatos and F. Lucarelli and S. Mangano and M. Marcelin and A. Margiotta and Martinez-Mora, {J. A.} and A. Mazure and E. Monmarthe and T. Montaruli and M. Morganti and L. Moscoso and Motz, {Holger Martin} and C. Naumann and M. Neff and Ch Olivetto and R. Ostasch and D. Palioselitis and Pvla, {G. E.} and P. Payre and J. Petrovic and P. Piattelli and N. Picot-Clemente and C. Picq and Pineau, {J. P.} and J. Poinsignon and V. Popa and T. Pradier and E. Presani and C. Racca and A. Radu and C. Reed and F. Rthor and G. Riccobene and C. Richardt and M. Rujoiu and Russo, {G. V.} and F. Salesa and P. Sapienza and F. Schck and Schuller, {J. P.} and R. Shanidze and F. Simeone and M. Spurio and Steijger, {J. J M} and Th Stolarczyk and C. Tamburini and L. Tasca and S. Toscano and B. Vallage and {Van Elewyck}, V. and G. Vannoni and M. Vecchi and P. Vernin and G. Wijnker and {De Wolf}, E. and H. Yepes and D. Zaborov and Zornoza, {J. D.} and J. Ziga",
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month = "10",
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language = "English",
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journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance of the front-end electronics of the ANTARES neutrino telescope

AU - Aguilar, J. A.

AU - Al Samarai, I.

AU - Albert, A.

AU - Anghinolfi, M.

AU - Anton, G.

AU - Anvar, S.

AU - Ardid, M.

AU - Assis Jesus, A. C.

AU - Astraatmadja, T.

AU - Aubert, J. J.

AU - Auer, R.

AU - Baret, B.

AU - Basa, S.

AU - Bazzotti, M.

AU - Bertin, V.

AU - Biagi, S.

AU - Bigongiari, C.

AU - Bou-Cabo, M.

AU - Bouwhuis, M. C.

AU - Brown, A.

AU - Brunner, J.

AU - Busto, J.

AU - Camarena, F.

AU - Capone, A.

AU - Caponetto, L.

AU - Crloganu, C.

AU - Carminati, G.

AU - Carr, J.

AU - Castorina, E.

AU - Cavasinni, V.

AU - Cecchini, S.

AU - Chaleil, Th

AU - Charvis,

AU - Chiarusi, T.

AU - Chon Sen, N.

AU - Circella, M.

AU - Costantini, H.

AU - Cottini, N.

AU - Coyle, P.

AU - Curtil, C.

AU - De Bonis, G.

AU - De Botton, N.

AU - Dekeyser, I.

AU - Delagnes, E.

AU - Deschamps, A.

AU - Distefano, C.

AU - Donzaud, C.

AU - Dornic, D.

AU - Drouhin, D.

AU - Druillole, F.

AU - Eberl, T.

AU - Emanuele, U.

AU - Ernenwein, J. P.

AU - Escoffier, S.

AU - Falchini, E.

AU - Fehr, F.

AU - Feinstein, F.

AU - Flaminio, V.

AU - Fopma, J.

AU - Fratini, K.

AU - Fritsch, U.

AU - Fuda, J. L.

AU - Gay, P.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Gmez-Gonzlez, J. P.

AU - Graf, K.

AU - Guillard, G.

AU - Halladjian, G.

AU - Hallewell, G.

AU - Hoffmann, C.

AU - Van Haren, H.

AU - Heijboer, A. J.

AU - Hello, Y.

AU - Hernndez-Rey, J. J.

AU - Herold, B.

AU - Hßl, J.

AU - De Jong, M.

AU - Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.

AU - Kalekin, O.

AU - Kappes, A.

AU - Katz, U.

AU - Kooijman, P.

AU - Kopper, C.

AU - Kouchner, A.

AU - Kretschmer, W.

AU - Lachartre, D.

AU - Lafoux, H.

AU - Lahmann, R.

AU - Lamare, P.

AU - Lambard, G.

AU - Larosa, G.

AU - Laschinsky, H.

AU - Le Provost, H.

AU - Le Van Suu, A.

AU - Lefvre, D.

AU - Legou, T.

AU - Lelaizant, G.

AU - Lim, G.

AU - Lo Presti, D.

AU - Loehner, H.

AU - Loucatos, S.

AU - Lucarelli, F.

AU - Mangano, S.

AU - Marcelin, M.

AU - Margiotta, A.

AU - Martinez-Mora, J. A.

AU - Mazure, A.

AU - Monmarthe, E.

AU - Montaruli, T.

AU - Morganti, M.

AU - Moscoso, L.

AU - Motz, Holger Martin

AU - Naumann, C.

AU - Neff, M.

AU - Olivetto, Ch

AU - Ostasch, R.

AU - Palioselitis, D.

AU - Pvla, G. E.

AU - Payre, P.

AU - Petrovic, J.

AU - Piattelli, P.

AU - Picot-Clemente, N.

AU - Picq, C.

AU - Pineau, J. P.

AU - Poinsignon, J.

AU - Popa, V.

AU - Pradier, T.

AU - Presani, E.

AU - Racca, C.

AU - Radu, A.

AU - Reed, C.

AU - Rthor, F.

AU - Riccobene, G.

AU - Richardt, C.

AU - Rujoiu, M.

AU - Russo, G. V.

AU - Salesa, F.

AU - Sapienza, P.

AU - Schck, F.

AU - Schuller, J. P.

AU - Shanidze, R.

AU - Simeone, F.

AU - Spurio, M.

AU - Steijger, J. J M

AU - Stolarczyk, Th

AU - Tamburini, C.

AU - Tasca, L.

AU - Toscano, S.

AU - Vallage, B.

AU - Van Elewyck, V.

AU - Vannoni, G.

AU - Vecchi, M.

AU - Vernin, P.

AU - Wijnker, G.

AU - De Wolf, E.

AU - Yepes, H.

AU - Zaborov, D.

AU - Zornoza, J. D.

AU - Ziga, J.

PY - 2010/10/1

Y1 - 2010/10/1

N2 - ANTARES is a high-energy neutrino telescope installed in the Mediterranean Sea at a depth of 2475 m. It consists of a three-dimensional array of optical modules, each containing a large photomultiplier tube. A total of 2700 front-end ASICs named analogue ring samplers (ARS) process the phototube signals, measure their arrival time, amplitude and shape as well as perform monitoring and calibration tasks. The ARS chip processes the analogue signals from the optical modules and converts information into digital data. All the information is transmitted to shore through further multiplexing electronics and an optical link. This paper describes the performance of the ARS chip; results from the functionality and characterization tests in the laboratory are summarized and the long-term performance in the apparatus is illustrated.

AB - ANTARES is a high-energy neutrino telescope installed in the Mediterranean Sea at a depth of 2475 m. It consists of a three-dimensional array of optical modules, each containing a large photomultiplier tube. A total of 2700 front-end ASICs named analogue ring samplers (ARS) process the phototube signals, measure their arrival time, amplitude and shape as well as perform monitoring and calibration tasks. The ARS chip processes the analogue signals from the optical modules and converts information into digital data. All the information is transmitted to shore through further multiplexing electronics and an optical link. This paper describes the performance of the ARS chip; results from the functionality and characterization tests in the laboratory are summarized and the long-term performance in the apparatus is illustrated.

KW - ASIC

KW - Front-end electronics

KW - Neutrino telescope

KW - Photomultiplier tube

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U2 - 10.1016/j.nima.2010.06.225

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JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

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