Performance of the front-end electronics of the ANTARES neutrino telescope

J. A. Aguilar, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, S. Anvar, M. Ardid, A. C. Assis Jesus, T. Astraatmadja, J. J. Aubert, R. Auer, B. Baret, S. Basa, M. Bazzotti, V. Bertin, S. Biagi, C. Bigongiari, M. Bou-Cabo, M. C. Bouwhuis, A. BrownJ. Brunner, J. Busto, F. Camarena, A. Capone, L. Caponetto, C. Crloganu, G. Carminati, J. Carr, E. Castorina, V. Cavasinni, S. Cecchini, Th Chaleil, Charvis, T. Chiarusi, N. Chon Sen, M. Circella, H. Costantini, N. Cottini, P. Coyle, C. Curtil, G. De Bonis, N. De Botton, I. Dekeyser, E. Delagnes, A. Deschamps, C. Distefano, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, D. Drouhin, F. Druillole, T. Eberl, U. Emanuele, J. P. Ernenwein, S. Escoffier, E. Falchini, F. Fehr, F. Feinstein, V. Flaminio, J. Fopma, K. Fratini, U. Fritsch, J. L. Fuda, P. Gay, G. Giacomelli, J. P. Gmez-Gonzlez, K. Graf, G. Guillard, G. Halladjian, G. Hallewell, C. Hoffmann, H. Van Haren, A. J. Heijboer, Y. Hello, J. J. Hernndez-Rey, B. Herold, J. Hßl, M. De Jong, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, U. Katz, P. Kooijman, C. Kopper, A. Kouchner, W. Kretschmer, D. Lachartre, H. Lafoux, R. Lahmann, P. Lamare, G. Lambard, G. Larosa, H. Laschinsky, H. Le Provost, A. Le Van Suu, D. Lefvre, T. Legou, G. Lelaizant, G. Lim, D. Lo Presti, H. Loehner, S. Loucatos, F. Lucarelli, S. Mangano, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, J. A. Martinez-Mora, A. Mazure, E. Monmarthe, T. Montaruli, M. Morganti, L. Moscoso, H. Motz, C. Naumann, M. Neff, Ch Olivetto, R. Ostasch, D. Palioselitis, G. E. Pvla, P. Payre, J. Petrovic, P. Piattelli, N. Picot-Clemente, C. Picq, J. P. Pineau, J. Poinsignon, V. Popa, T. Pradier, E. Presani, C. Racca, A. Radu, C. Reed, F. Rthor, G. Riccobene, C. Richardt, M. Rujoiu, G. V. Russo, F. Salesa, P. Sapienza, F. Schck, J. P. Schuller, R. Shanidze, F. Simeone, M. Spurio, J. J.M. Steijger, Th Stolarczyk, C. Tamburini, L. Tasca, S. Toscano, B. Vallage, V. Van Elewyck, G. Vannoni, M. Vecchi, P. Vernin, G. Wijnker, E. De Wolf, H. Yepes, D. Zaborov, J. D. Zornoza, J. Ziga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ANTARES is a high-energy neutrino telescope installed in the Mediterranean Sea at a depth of 2475 m. It consists of a three-dimensional array of optical modules, each containing a large photomultiplier tube. A total of 2700 front-end ASICs named analogue ring samplers (ARS) process the phototube signals, measure their arrival time, amplitude and shape as well as perform monitoring and calibration tasks. The ARS chip processes the analogue signals from the optical modules and converts information into digital data. All the information is transmitted to shore through further multiplexing electronics and an optical link. This paper describes the performance of the ARS chip; results from the functionality and characterization tests in the laboratory are summarized and the long-term performance in the apparatus is illustrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-73
Number of pages15
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume622
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 1

Keywords

  • ASIC
  • Front-end electronics
  • Neutrino telescope
  • Photomultiplier tube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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  • Cite this

    Aguilar, J. A., Al Samarai, I., Albert, A., Anghinolfi, M., Anton, G., Anvar, S., Ardid, M., Assis Jesus, A. C., Astraatmadja, T., Aubert, J. J., Auer, R., Baret, B., Basa, S., Bazzotti, M., Bertin, V., Biagi, S., Bigongiari, C., Bou-Cabo, M., Bouwhuis, M. C., ... Ziga, J. (2010). Performance of the front-end electronics of the ANTARES neutrino telescope. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 622(1), 59-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.06.225