Performance of the latest MPPCs with reduced dark counts and improved photon detection efficiency

T. Tsujikawa, H. Funamoto, Jun Kataoka, T. Fujita, T. Nishiyama, Y. Kurei, K. Sato, K. Yamamura, S. Nakamura

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We have tested the performance of two types of the latest Multi-Pixel Photon Counters (MPPCs; measuring 3×3 mm2 in size) developed by Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. The new S12572-050C is a successor to the S10362-33-050C (i.e., conventional 3×3-mm2 pixel MPPC of 50 μm pitch), comprises 3600 Geiger mode avalanche photodiodes (APDs), and also features high gain (up to 1.25×106), a low dark count (up to 106 cps), and improved photon detection efficiency (PDE) by up to 30%. The S12572-015C is a new type of fine-pitch (15 μm) MPPC featuring a wide dynamic range and fast timing response. This paper first presents the detailed performance of these latest MPPCs as photon counting devices. It then describes our fabrication of a prototype detector consisting of a MPPC optically coupled with a Ce:GAGG scintillator. We obtained average FWHM energy resolutions of 7.3% (15 μm) and 6.7% (new-50 μm), as compared to 6.9% (old-50 μm) for 662-keV gamma rays from the 137Cs source, as measured at 20 °C. Moreover, the number of fired pixels for 662-keV gamma rays increased by 30% for the new-50 μm (as compared to the old-50 μm). We confirmed that the low energy threshold improved from 10 keV to 4 keV, when using the latest MPPC device (new-50 μm). We also confirmed that the timing resolution of the new MPPC is 50 ps or even better, as compared to 89 ps of the old MPPC. The results thus confirm that these new types of MPPCs are promising for various applications as scintillation detectors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)247-251
    Number of pages5
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Volume765
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 21

    Keywords

    • Compton camera
    • Gamma-rays
    • Multi-pixel photon counter
    • Positron emission tomography

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Instrumentation

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