Performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes for future X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy

Jun Kataoka, T. Ikagawa, Y. Yatsu, Y. Kuramoto, T. Saito, N. Kawai, Y. Serino, J. Kotoku, Y. Ishikawa, N. Kawabata

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes produced by Hamamatsu Photonics, as low-energy X-rays and γ-rays detectors. APDs share good features of both photo diodes and PMTs, as they are very compact, produce an internal gain of 10-100, and have high quantum efficiency close to 100 % in the visible right. Until very recently, however, APDs were limited to very small surfaces, and were mainly used as a digital device for light communication. We have developed large area (up to 10×10 mm 2) APDs which can be used in the physics experiments. The best energy resolution of 6.4 % (FWHM) was obtained in direct detection of 5.9 keV X-rays. The FWHM results of 9.4 % and 4.9 % were obtained for 59.5 keV and 662 keV γ-rays respectively, as measured with the CsI(Tl) crystal. The minimum detectable energy for the scintillation light was as low as 1 keV at lightly cooled environment (-20°C). Note that our results are the best records ever achieved with APDs. Various applications of APDs are presented for future space research and nuclear medicine. In particular 2-dimensional APD arrays will be a promising device for a wide-band X-ray and γ-ray imaging detector.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsA.D. Holland
Pages249-260
Number of pages12
Volume5501
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes
EventHigh-Energy Detectors in Astronomy - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 2004 Jun 222004 Jun 23

Other

OtherHigh-Energy Detectors in Astronomy
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period04/6/2204/6/23

Fingerprint

gamma ray astronomy
Avalanche photodiodes
Astronomy
Gamma rays
avalanches
photodiodes
rays
Full width at half maximum
X rays
Detectors
Space research
Nuclear medicine
Digital devices
nuclear medicine
x rays
detectors
Scintillation
Optical communication
Quantum efficiency
medicine

Keywords

  • Avalanche photodiode
  • Nuclear imaging
  • Scintillation γ-ray detector
  • Soft X-ray detector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Kataoka, J., Ikagawa, T., Yatsu, Y., Kuramoto, Y., Saito, T., Kawai, N., ... Kawabata, N. (2004). Performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes for future X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy. In A. D. Holland (Ed.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 5501, pp. 249-260). [32] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.549755

Performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes for future X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy. / Kataoka, Jun; Ikagawa, T.; Yatsu, Y.; Kuramoto, Y.; Saito, T.; Kawai, N.; Serino, Y.; Kotoku, J.; Ishikawa, Y.; Kawabata, N.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. ed. / A.D. Holland. Vol. 5501 2004. p. 249-260 32.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kataoka, J, Ikagawa, T, Yatsu, Y, Kuramoto, Y, Saito, T, Kawai, N, Serino, Y, Kotoku, J, Ishikawa, Y & Kawabata, N 2004, Performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes for future X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy. in AD Holland (ed.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 5501, 32, pp. 249-260, High-Energy Detectors in Astronomy, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 04/6/22. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.549755
Kataoka J, Ikagawa T, Yatsu Y, Kuramoto Y, Saito T, Kawai N et al. Performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes for future X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy. In Holland AD, editor, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 5501. 2004. p. 249-260. 32 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.549755
Kataoka, Jun ; Ikagawa, T. ; Yatsu, Y. ; Kuramoto, Y. ; Saito, T. ; Kawai, N. ; Serino, Y. ; Kotoku, J. ; Ishikawa, Y. ; Kawabata, N. / Performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes for future X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. editor / A.D. Holland. Vol. 5501 2004. pp. 249-260
@inproceedings{8bdea6ed47c0495ab9d16903c28962da,
title = "Performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes for future X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy",
abstract = "We report on the performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes produced by Hamamatsu Photonics, as low-energy X-rays and γ-rays detectors. APDs share good features of both photo diodes and PMTs, as they are very compact, produce an internal gain of 10-100, and have high quantum efficiency close to 100 {\%} in the visible right. Until very recently, however, APDs were limited to very small surfaces, and were mainly used as a digital device for light communication. We have developed large area (up to 10×10 mm 2) APDs which can be used in the physics experiments. The best energy resolution of 6.4 {\%} (FWHM) was obtained in direct detection of 5.9 keV X-rays. The FWHM results of 9.4 {\%} and 4.9 {\%} were obtained for 59.5 keV and 662 keV γ-rays respectively, as measured with the CsI(Tl) crystal. The minimum detectable energy for the scintillation light was as low as 1 keV at lightly cooled environment (-20°C). Note that our results are the best records ever achieved with APDs. Various applications of APDs are presented for future space research and nuclear medicine. In particular 2-dimensional APD arrays will be a promising device for a wide-band X-ray and γ-ray imaging detector.",
keywords = "Avalanche photodiode, Nuclear imaging, Scintillation γ-ray detector, Soft X-ray detector",
author = "Jun Kataoka and T. Ikagawa and Y. Yatsu and Y. Kuramoto and T. Saito and N. Kawai and Y. Serino and J. Kotoku and Y. Ishikawa and N. Kawabata",
year = "2004",
doi = "10.1117/12.549755",
language = "English",
volume = "5501",
pages = "249--260",
editor = "A.D. Holland",
booktitle = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes for future X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy

AU - Kataoka, Jun

AU - Ikagawa, T.

AU - Yatsu, Y.

AU - Kuramoto, Y.

AU - Saito, T.

AU - Kawai, N.

AU - Serino, Y.

AU - Kotoku, J.

AU - Ishikawa, Y.

AU - Kawabata, N.

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - We report on the performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes produced by Hamamatsu Photonics, as low-energy X-rays and γ-rays detectors. APDs share good features of both photo diodes and PMTs, as they are very compact, produce an internal gain of 10-100, and have high quantum efficiency close to 100 % in the visible right. Until very recently, however, APDs were limited to very small surfaces, and were mainly used as a digital device for light communication. We have developed large area (up to 10×10 mm 2) APDs which can be used in the physics experiments. The best energy resolution of 6.4 % (FWHM) was obtained in direct detection of 5.9 keV X-rays. The FWHM results of 9.4 % and 4.9 % were obtained for 59.5 keV and 662 keV γ-rays respectively, as measured with the CsI(Tl) crystal. The minimum detectable energy for the scintillation light was as low as 1 keV at lightly cooled environment (-20°C). Note that our results are the best records ever achieved with APDs. Various applications of APDs are presented for future space research and nuclear medicine. In particular 2-dimensional APD arrays will be a promising device for a wide-band X-ray and γ-ray imaging detector.

AB - We report on the performance of the most recent avalanche photodiodes produced by Hamamatsu Photonics, as low-energy X-rays and γ-rays detectors. APDs share good features of both photo diodes and PMTs, as they are very compact, produce an internal gain of 10-100, and have high quantum efficiency close to 100 % in the visible right. Until very recently, however, APDs were limited to very small surfaces, and were mainly used as a digital device for light communication. We have developed large area (up to 10×10 mm 2) APDs which can be used in the physics experiments. The best energy resolution of 6.4 % (FWHM) was obtained in direct detection of 5.9 keV X-rays. The FWHM results of 9.4 % and 4.9 % were obtained for 59.5 keV and 662 keV γ-rays respectively, as measured with the CsI(Tl) crystal. The minimum detectable energy for the scintillation light was as low as 1 keV at lightly cooled environment (-20°C). Note that our results are the best records ever achieved with APDs. Various applications of APDs are presented for future space research and nuclear medicine. In particular 2-dimensional APD arrays will be a promising device for a wide-band X-ray and γ-ray imaging detector.

KW - Avalanche photodiode

KW - Nuclear imaging

KW - Scintillation γ-ray detector

KW - Soft X-ray detector

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=19944383122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=19944383122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.549755

DO - 10.1117/12.549755

M3 - Conference contribution

VL - 5501

SP - 249

EP - 260

BT - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

A2 - Holland, A.D.

ER -