Personal evaluation structure of environmental sounds: Experiments of subjective evaluation using subjects' own terms

Keiji Kawai, Takaya Kojima, Kotaroh Hirate, Masahito Yasuoka

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

30 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, we conducted an experiment to investigate the evaluation structure that lies at the basis of peoples' psychological evaluation of environmental sounds. In the experiment, subjects were given cards on each of which a name of one of the environmental sounds in the specified context is written. Then they did the following three tasks: (1) to sort the cards into groups by the similarity of their impressions of the imagined sounds; (2) to name each group with the word that best represented their overall impression of the group; and (3) to evaluate all sounds on the cards using the words obtained in the previous task. These tasks were done twice: once assuming they heard the sounds at ease inside their homes and once while walking outside in a resort theme park. We analysed the similarity of imagined impression between the sounds with a cluster analysis and clusters of sounds were produced, namely, sounds labelled "natural," "transportation," and so on. A principal component analysis revealed the three major factors of the evaluation structure for both contexts and they were interpreted as preference, activity and sense of daily life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)523-533
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 22
EventFifth Japanese-Swedish Noise Symposium on Medical Effects - Kirishima, Japan
Duration: 2003 May 192003 May 22


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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