Personal stigma and coping strategies in families of patients with schizophrenia

Comparison between Japan and Korea

Setsuko Hanzawa, Jeong Kyu Bae, Hideki Tanaka, Goro Tanaka, Yong Jun Bae, Masahiro Goto, Hiroyuki Inadomi, Hideyuki Nakane, Yasuyuki Ohta, Yoshibumi Nakane

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction: It has been extensively documented that caregivers of persons who have serious and persistent mental disorders must successfully cope with many challenging problems in order to provide good care. However, little is known about the relationship between family stigma and strategies for coping with patients with schizophrenia. Therefore, the present study compared the personal stigma and coping strategies of families of patients with schizophrenia by examining the socio-cultural factors that affect the care experience of families in Northeast Asian countries. Methods: Two self-rating scales were used to compare personal stigma and coping strategies regarding family members of patients with schizophrenia in 47 Japanese and 92 Korean families. Respondents reported their personal attitudes (personal stigma) with respect to a case vignette that described a person with chronic schizophrenia. Results: Analysis revealed the following: 1) although no differences in coping strategies were observed between the countries, the personal stigma of families was significantly higher in Korea than in Japan; 2) coping strategies, such as positive communication, coercion, and avoidance, were significantly associated with personal stigma in Korean families; however, in Japanese families, resignation was significantly associated with personal stigma. Discussion: The present findings suggest that personal family stigma was higher in Korea than Japan, and the features associated with coping strategies differ between countries. It is important to determine the features of personal stigma that are associated with schizophrenia. Furthermore, education and support programs for families with schizophrenia based on trans-cultural considerations must be emphasized in both countries.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)105-113
    Number of pages9
    JournalAsia-Pacific Psychiatry
    Volume2
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jun

    Fingerprint

    Korea
    Schizophrenia
    Japan
    Coercion
    Mental Disorders
    Caregivers
    Communication
    Education

    Keywords

    • Caregivers
    • Japan
    • Korea
    • Schizophrenia
    • Stigmatization

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychiatry and Mental health

    Cite this

    Personal stigma and coping strategies in families of patients with schizophrenia : Comparison between Japan and Korea. / Hanzawa, Setsuko; Bae, Jeong Kyu; Tanaka, Hideki; Tanaka, Goro; Bae, Yong Jun; Goto, Masahiro; Inadomi, Hiroyuki; Nakane, Hideyuki; Ohta, Yasuyuki; Nakane, Yoshibumi.

    In: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, Vol. 2, No. 2, 06.2010, p. 105-113.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Hanzawa, S, Bae, JK, Tanaka, H, Tanaka, G, Bae, YJ, Goto, M, Inadomi, H, Nakane, H, Ohta, Y & Nakane, Y 2010, 'Personal stigma and coping strategies in families of patients with schizophrenia: Comparison between Japan and Korea', Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 105-113. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-5872.2010.00065.x
    Hanzawa, Setsuko ; Bae, Jeong Kyu ; Tanaka, Hideki ; Tanaka, Goro ; Bae, Yong Jun ; Goto, Masahiro ; Inadomi, Hiroyuki ; Nakane, Hideyuki ; Ohta, Yasuyuki ; Nakane, Yoshibumi. / Personal stigma and coping strategies in families of patients with schizophrenia : Comparison between Japan and Korea. In: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry. 2010 ; Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 105-113.
    @article{55776f9a3bd949c8b1e2882580527ef3,
    title = "Personal stigma and coping strategies in families of patients with schizophrenia: Comparison between Japan and Korea",
    abstract = "Introduction: It has been extensively documented that caregivers of persons who have serious and persistent mental disorders must successfully cope with many challenging problems in order to provide good care. However, little is known about the relationship between family stigma and strategies for coping with patients with schizophrenia. Therefore, the present study compared the personal stigma and coping strategies of families of patients with schizophrenia by examining the socio-cultural factors that affect the care experience of families in Northeast Asian countries. Methods: Two self-rating scales were used to compare personal stigma and coping strategies regarding family members of patients with schizophrenia in 47 Japanese and 92 Korean families. Respondents reported their personal attitudes (personal stigma) with respect to a case vignette that described a person with chronic schizophrenia. Results: Analysis revealed the following: 1) although no differences in coping strategies were observed between the countries, the personal stigma of families was significantly higher in Korea than in Japan; 2) coping strategies, such as positive communication, coercion, and avoidance, were significantly associated with personal stigma in Korean families; however, in Japanese families, resignation was significantly associated with personal stigma. Discussion: The present findings suggest that personal family stigma was higher in Korea than Japan, and the features associated with coping strategies differ between countries. It is important to determine the features of personal stigma that are associated with schizophrenia. Furthermore, education and support programs for families with schizophrenia based on trans-cultural considerations must be emphasized in both countries.",
    keywords = "Caregivers, Japan, Korea, Schizophrenia, Stigmatization",
    author = "Setsuko Hanzawa and Bae, {Jeong Kyu} and Hideki Tanaka and Goro Tanaka and Bae, {Yong Jun} and Masahiro Goto and Hiroyuki Inadomi and Hideyuki Nakane and Yasuyuki Ohta and Yoshibumi Nakane",
    year = "2010",
    month = "6",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1758-5872.2010.00065.x",
    language = "English",
    volume = "2",
    pages = "105--113",
    journal = "Asia-Pacific Psychiatry",
    issn = "1758-5864",
    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Personal stigma and coping strategies in families of patients with schizophrenia

    T2 - Comparison between Japan and Korea

    AU - Hanzawa, Setsuko

    AU - Bae, Jeong Kyu

    AU - Tanaka, Hideki

    AU - Tanaka, Goro

    AU - Bae, Yong Jun

    AU - Goto, Masahiro

    AU - Inadomi, Hiroyuki

    AU - Nakane, Hideyuki

    AU - Ohta, Yasuyuki

    AU - Nakane, Yoshibumi

    PY - 2010/6

    Y1 - 2010/6

    N2 - Introduction: It has been extensively documented that caregivers of persons who have serious and persistent mental disorders must successfully cope with many challenging problems in order to provide good care. However, little is known about the relationship between family stigma and strategies for coping with patients with schizophrenia. Therefore, the present study compared the personal stigma and coping strategies of families of patients with schizophrenia by examining the socio-cultural factors that affect the care experience of families in Northeast Asian countries. Methods: Two self-rating scales were used to compare personal stigma and coping strategies regarding family members of patients with schizophrenia in 47 Japanese and 92 Korean families. Respondents reported their personal attitudes (personal stigma) with respect to a case vignette that described a person with chronic schizophrenia. Results: Analysis revealed the following: 1) although no differences in coping strategies were observed between the countries, the personal stigma of families was significantly higher in Korea than in Japan; 2) coping strategies, such as positive communication, coercion, and avoidance, were significantly associated with personal stigma in Korean families; however, in Japanese families, resignation was significantly associated with personal stigma. Discussion: The present findings suggest that personal family stigma was higher in Korea than Japan, and the features associated with coping strategies differ between countries. It is important to determine the features of personal stigma that are associated with schizophrenia. Furthermore, education and support programs for families with schizophrenia based on trans-cultural considerations must be emphasized in both countries.

    AB - Introduction: It has been extensively documented that caregivers of persons who have serious and persistent mental disorders must successfully cope with many challenging problems in order to provide good care. However, little is known about the relationship between family stigma and strategies for coping with patients with schizophrenia. Therefore, the present study compared the personal stigma and coping strategies of families of patients with schizophrenia by examining the socio-cultural factors that affect the care experience of families in Northeast Asian countries. Methods: Two self-rating scales were used to compare personal stigma and coping strategies regarding family members of patients with schizophrenia in 47 Japanese and 92 Korean families. Respondents reported their personal attitudes (personal stigma) with respect to a case vignette that described a person with chronic schizophrenia. Results: Analysis revealed the following: 1) although no differences in coping strategies were observed between the countries, the personal stigma of families was significantly higher in Korea than in Japan; 2) coping strategies, such as positive communication, coercion, and avoidance, were significantly associated with personal stigma in Korean families; however, in Japanese families, resignation was significantly associated with personal stigma. Discussion: The present findings suggest that personal family stigma was higher in Korea than Japan, and the features associated with coping strategies differ between countries. It is important to determine the features of personal stigma that are associated with schizophrenia. Furthermore, education and support programs for families with schizophrenia based on trans-cultural considerations must be emphasized in both countries.

    KW - Caregivers

    KW - Japan

    KW - Korea

    KW - Schizophrenia

    KW - Stigmatization

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77953375566&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77953375566&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1758-5872.2010.00065.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1758-5872.2010.00065.x

    M3 - Article

    VL - 2

    SP - 105

    EP - 113

    JO - Asia-Pacific Psychiatry

    JF - Asia-Pacific Psychiatry

    SN - 1758-5864

    IS - 2

    ER -