Petrogenesis of dolomitic marbles from Rongcheng in the Su-Lu ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic terrane, eastern China

Yoshihide Ogasawara, R. Y. Zhang, J. G. Liou

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    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Marbles are interbedded with biotite-hornblende gneiss in the Rongcheng area, Su-Lu ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamorphic terrane, eastern China. Both marble and gneiss include UHP eclogite layers and boudins. Seven dolomitic marbles were selected for petrologic investigation. Dolomitic marbles have assemblages of major constituent minerals: i) Mg-Cal + Dol + Ol; ii) Mg-Cal + Dol + Di + Ol; iii) Mg-Cal + Dol + Di; iv) Mg-Cal + Dol + Ti-Chu; v) Mg-Cal + Ti-Chu + Di; and vi) Mg-Cal + Dol + Ti-Chu + Di + Ol. Titanium-clinohumites of iv) and v) contains 3-4 wt% in TiO2, but those in vi) are <3 wt% and are regarded as later-stage replacement products from olivine. Assemblages indicate uneven distribution of XCO2 within an individual sample. Schreinemakers' analysis of assemblage Arg (Cal) + Dol + Chu + - Di + Fo in the system CaO-MgO-SiO2-CO2-H2O with thermodynamic calculations indicates that Fo and Chu-bearing assemblages are stable at very low XCO2 conditions, whereas Arg (Cal) + Dol + Di is stable at relatively higher XCO2 conditions. When XCO2 conditions are extremely low, Fo-bearing and Chu-bearing assemblages are stable at T > 800°C and P > 2.2 GPa (XCO2 = 0.01), and T > 730°C and P > 2 GPa (XCO2 = 0.005). If such extremely low XCO2 is possible, the assemblages (i-v) could be regarded as products at UHP conditions excepting Mg-calcite transformed from aragonite + dolomite. Calcite-dolomite intergrowths are common in these assemblages. Mg-calcite inclusions were found in Ti-clinohumite of assemblage iv) with well developed radial fractures. The maximum XMGCO3 value of 0.111 yields a solvus temperature of 698°C. If this Mg-calcite formed from aragonite + dolomite, solves thermometry gives a minimum P-T point along the equilibrium curve of the reaction aragonite + dolomite = Mg-calcite during the decompressional stage; T = 680°C and P = 1.0 GPa. Along both the prograde and retrograde P-T paths for UHP dolomitic marbles, changes in model proportion among carbonate phases including aragonite, dolomite and Mg-calcite were proposed on the basis of the phase relations in CaCO3-CaMg(CO3)2. Aragonite + dolomite is a stable assemblage during the prograde stage. Appearance of the eutectoid point between aragonite and dolomite in the phase diagram plays an important role for phase changes in this system. After peak-P, the following phase changes are predicted for the bulk compositions < XMgCO3 at the eutectoid point during the decompressional stage: i) Arg + Dol; ii) Arg + Dol → Mg-Cal (eutectoid composition); iii) Arg + Mg-Cal; (XMgCO3 < eutecoid composition); ii) Mg-Cal; v) Mg-Cal (low-XMgCO3) + exsolved Dol.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)82-97
    Number of pages16
    JournalIsland Arc
    Volume7
    Issue number1-2
    Publication statusPublished - 1998 Mar

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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