PH-responsive cellulose nanocrystal gels and nanocomposites

Amanda E. Way, Lorraine Hsu, Kadhiravan Shanmuganathan, Christoph Weder, Stuart J. Rowan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

132 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We show that functionalization of the surface of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) with either carboxylic acid (CNC-CO2H) or amine (CNC-NH 2) moieties renders the CNCs pHresponsive. At low pH, where the amine groups are protonated, CNC-NH2 forms aqueous dispersions in water on account of electrostatic repulsions of the ammonium moieties inhibiting aggregation. However, a transition to hydrogels is observed at higher pH where the CNC-NH2 are neutral and the attractive forces based on hydrogen bonding dominate. The opposite behavior is observed for CNC-CO2H, which are dispersible at high pH and form gels in an acidic environment. We further show that these pH-responsive CNCs can be incorporated into a poly(vinyl acetate) matrix to yield mechanically adaptive pH-responsive nanocomposite films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1006
Number of pages6
JournalACS Macro Letters
Volume1
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cellulose
Nanocrystals
Nanocomposites
Gels
Amines
Hydrogels
Nanocomposite films
Carboxylic Acids
Dispersions
Carboxylic acids
Ammonium Compounds
Electrostatics
Hydrogen bonds
Agglomeration
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Way, A. E., Hsu, L., Shanmuganathan, K., Weder, C., & Rowan, S. J. (2012). PH-responsive cellulose nanocrystal gels and nanocomposites. ACS Macro Letters, 1(8), 1001-1006. https://doi.org/10.1021/mz3003006

PH-responsive cellulose nanocrystal gels and nanocomposites. / Way, Amanda E.; Hsu, Lorraine; Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan; Weder, Christoph; Rowan, Stuart J.

In: ACS Macro Letters, Vol. 1, No. 8, 2012, p. 1001-1006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Way, AE, Hsu, L, Shanmuganathan, K, Weder, C & Rowan, SJ 2012, 'PH-responsive cellulose nanocrystal gels and nanocomposites', ACS Macro Letters, vol. 1, no. 8, pp. 1001-1006. https://doi.org/10.1021/mz3003006
Way AE, Hsu L, Shanmuganathan K, Weder C, Rowan SJ. PH-responsive cellulose nanocrystal gels and nanocomposites. ACS Macro Letters. 2012;1(8):1001-1006. https://doi.org/10.1021/mz3003006
Way, Amanda E. ; Hsu, Lorraine ; Shanmuganathan, Kadhiravan ; Weder, Christoph ; Rowan, Stuart J. / PH-responsive cellulose nanocrystal gels and nanocomposites. In: ACS Macro Letters. 2012 ; Vol. 1, No. 8. pp. 1001-1006.
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