Photocurrent conversion in anodized TiO2 nanotube arrays: Effect of the water content in anodizing solutions

Lok Kun Tsui, Takayuki Homma, Giovanni Zangari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    52 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The TiO2 nanotube system exhibits properties of interest in photoelectrochemical water splitting for hydrogen production, including high surface area and vectorial charge transport along the nanotube length. Changes in the anodizing electrolyte chemistry provide the means to control nanotube morphology as well as their length and width. Despite the large amount of work available on nanotube synthesis, however, a thorough assessment of the effect of anodization conditions on the photoelectrochemical performance is still unavailable. In this paper, we characterize TiO2 nanotubes produced by varying the water content of the organic anodization electrolyte and investigate the influence of the electrolyte on their photoelectrochemical performance. We find that the photocurrent efficiency of the nanotubes is optimized by using an 11 vol % water:ethylene glycol ratio. We also demonstrate that a double-anodization technique produces a cleaner surface, resulting in higher photon-to-current conversion efficiencies of up to 30% at 350 nm. Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and electrochemical impedance studies support the notion that the variation in crystallinity as a function of water content is the main factor in determining the photocurrent efficiency of the nanotube system.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6979-6989
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
    Volume117
    Issue number14
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 11

    Fingerprint

    anodizing
    Anodic oxidation
    Photocurrents
    Nanotubes
    Water content
    moisture content
    photocurrents
    nanotubes
    Electrolytes
    electrolytes
    cleaners
    water splitting
    Ethylene Glycol
    Water
    hydrogen production
    Hydrogen production
    Ethylene glycol
    Conversion efficiency
    Raman spectroscopy
    Charge transfer

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
    • Energy(all)

    Cite this

    Photocurrent conversion in anodized TiO2 nanotube arrays : Effect of the water content in anodizing solutions. / Tsui, Lok Kun; Homma, Takayuki; Zangari, Giovanni.

    In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, No. 14, 11.04.2013, p. 6979-6989.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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