Photosynthetic properties of leaves of Eupatorium makinoi infected by a geminivirus

Sachiko Funayama, Kintake Sonoike, Ichiro Terashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined photosynthetic properties of Eupatorium makinoi leaves infected by a geminivirus. Since a major symptom of the geminivirus infection is variegation or yellowing of leaves, Chl content was used as an index of disease severity. As leaf Chl content was lowered, leaf absorptance, maximal quantum yield of photosynthesis on an absorbed quantum basis (φ(O2,max)) and light-saturated rate of photosynthesis (P(max)) decreased. The share of energy allocated to PS II, which can be estimated from fluorescence parameters and oxygen evolution rate, was about 30% lower in the infected yellow leaves than in uninfected leaves. Analyses of the composition of thylakoid polypeptides by gel electrophoresis showed preferential loss of LHC II. The lower φ(O2,max) in the infected leaves was, thus, attributed to the decreased energy allocation to PS II. These features were largely consistent with those of b-less mutants, but lowered P(max) has been never reported for b-less mutants. Possible mechanisms causing these changes in photosynthetic properties to the infected leaves are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-261
Number of pages9
JournalPhotosynthesis Research
Volume53
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Eupatorium
Geminiviridae
Photosynthesis
Quantum yield
Electrophoresis
leaves
Fluorescence
Gels
Oxygen
Light
Infection
Chemical analysis
photosynthesis
mutants
energy
thylakoids
disease severity
gel electrophoresis
signs and symptoms (plants)
polypeptides

Keywords

  • Light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-protein
  • Quantum yield
  • Virus infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Photosynthetic properties of leaves of Eupatorium makinoi infected by a geminivirus. / Funayama, Sachiko; Sonoike, Kintake; Terashima, Ichiro.

In: Photosynthesis Research, Vol. 53, No. 2-3, 1997, p. 253-261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Funayama, Sachiko ; Sonoike, Kintake ; Terashima, Ichiro. / Photosynthetic properties of leaves of Eupatorium makinoi infected by a geminivirus. In: Photosynthesis Research. 1997 ; Vol. 53, No. 2-3. pp. 253-261.
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