Physiological and pathological cardiac hypertrophy induce different molecular phenotypes in the rat

Motoyuki Iemitsu, Takashi Miyauchi, Seiji Maeda, Satoshi Sakai, Tsutomu Kobayashi, Nobuharu Fujii, Hitoshi Miyazaki, Mitsuo Matsuda, Iwao Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pressure overload, such as hypertension, to the heart causes pathological cardiac hypertrophy, whereas chronic exercise causes physiological cardiac hypertrophy, which is defined as athletic heart. There are differences in cardiac properties between these two types of hypertrophy. We investigated whether mRNA expression of various cardiovascular regulating factors differs in rat hearts that are physiologically and pathologically hypertrophied, because we hypothesized that these two types of cardiac hypertrophy induce different molecular phenotypes. We used the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR group; 19 wk old) as a model of pathological hypertrophy and swim-trained rats (trained group; 19 wk old, swim training for 15 wk) as a model of physiological hypertrophy. We also used sedentary Wistar-Kyoto rats as the control group (19 wk old). Left ventricular mass index for body weight was significantly higher in SHR and trained groups than in the control group. Expression of brain natriuretic peptide, angiotensin-converting enzyme, and endothelin-1 mRNA in the heart was significantly higher in the SHR group than in control and trained groups. Expression of adrenomedullin mRNA in the heart was significantly lower in the trained group than in control and SHR groups. Expression of β1-adrenergic receptor mRNA in the heart was significantly higher in SHR and trained groups than in the control group. Expression of β1-adrenergic receptor kinase mRNA, which inhibits β1-adrenergic receptor activity, in the heart was markedly higher in the SHR group than in control and trained groups. We demonstrated for the first time that the manner of mRNA expression of various cardiovascular regulating factors in the heart differs between physiological and pathological cardiac hypertrophy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R2029-R2036
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume281
Issue number6 50-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Athletic heart
  • Cardiovascular regulating factor
  • Hypertension
  • Spontaneously hypertensive rat
  • Swim training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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