Poly(ethylene glycol)-modification of the phospholipid vesicles by using the spontaneous incorporation of poly(ethylene glycol)-lipid into the vesicles

Keitaro Sou, Taro Endo, Shinji Takeoka, Eishun Tsuchida

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The critical micelle concentrations of 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol) (5000)] (PEG-DPPE) and its distearoyl analogue (PEG-DSPE) were 70 and 9 μM, respectively, in buffer solutions ([Tris] = 20 mM, [NaCl] = 140 mM, pH 7.4) at 37 °C. When these PEG-lipid micelle dispersions were mixed with the dispersions of phospholipid vesicles comprised of a C16 membrane, of which the carbon number is 16, or a C18 membrane, the PEG-lipid micelles were dissociated into monomers and then spontaneously incorporated into the surface of the preformed vesicles. The incorporation rates and the enthalpy changes during incorporation were measured with an isothermal titration microcalorimeter. The incorporation rate of PEG-DPPE was faster than that of PEG-DSPE, because the dissociation rate of the PEG-DPPE micelles was faster than that of PEG-DSPE micelles. The incorporation equilibrium constant of PEG-DSPE was larger than that of PEG-DPPE due to its slow dissociation rate from the membrane, caused by the stronger hydrophobic interaction. The combination of PEG-DSPE and the C18 membrane was the most thermodynamically stabilized pair. Furthermore, the dispersion stability of the surface-modified vesicles prepared by this spontaneous incorporation was analyzed by using the critical molecular weight of the polymer for the aggregation of vesicles. The aggregation of the vesicles was successfully supressed with an increase in the molecular weight of the PEG in the PEG-lipid and its incorporation ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-379
Number of pages8
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2000 May 1


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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