Population density is beneficially associated with 12-year diabetes risk marker change among residents of lower socio-economic neighborhoods

Jelle Van Cauwenberg, David Dunstan, Ester Cerin, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Takemi Sugiyama, Neville Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined associations of neighborhood population density with 12-year changes in diabetes risk (post-challenge plasma glucose), and potential moderation by neighborhood socio-economic status (SES) among 4,816 Australians. In lower SES neighborhoods, post-challenge plasma glucose increased by 6% in low-density, remained stable in medium-density and decreased by 3% in high-density neighborhoods. In medium SES neighborhoods, glucose remained stable in high-density, but increased by 2% and 3% in medium- and low-density neighborhoods, respectively. In higher SES neighborhoods, no significant interaction effect between time and density was observed. Densification may make protective contributions for diabetes risk in lower and medium SES neighborhoods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalHealth and Place
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Environmental epidemiology
  • Health inequalities
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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