Positions of pluripotency genes and hepatocyte-specific genes in the nucleus before and after mouse ES cell differentiation

K. Udagawa, Takashi Ohyama

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Spatial positioning of genes in the cell nucleus plays an important role in the regulation of genomic functions. Evidence for changes in gene positioning associated with transcriptional activity has been reported. However, our understanding of this phenomenon is still quite limited. We examined how pluripotency genes and hepatocyte-specific genes behave during the differentiation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells into hepatocytes, by targeting the loci of the Klf4, Nanog, Oct4, Sox2, Cyp7α1, Pck1, Tat, and Tdo2 genes, and using three-dimensional fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses. We found that each gene has a distinctly inherent localization profile in the ES cell nucleus. During differentiation, the Klf4, Nanog, Oct4, Cyp7α1, Pck1, and Tat loci shifted toward the nuclear center, while the Sox2 and Tdo2 loci shifted toward the periphery. The Klf4, Nanog, Oct4, and Tdo2 seem to prefer the outer regions, rather than the inner regions, when they are active. We also found that the radial positioning of the focused genes in the hepatocyte cell nucleus was highly correlated with the local GC content and the gene density of the surrounding region, but not with gene activity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1979-1988
    Number of pages10
    JournalGenetics and Molecular Research
    Volume13
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 24

    Fingerprint

    Gene Order
    Cell Differentiation
    Hepatocytes
    Genes
    Cell Nucleus
    tat Genes
    Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells
    Base Composition
    Embryonic Stem Cells
    Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization

    Keywords

    • Cell differentiation
    • ES cell
    • Gene localization
    • Hepatocyte
    • Hepatocyte-specific gene
    • Pluripotency gene

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Genetics
    • Molecular Biology

    Cite this

    Positions of pluripotency genes and hepatocyte-specific genes in the nucleus before and after mouse ES cell differentiation. / Udagawa, K.; Ohyama, Takashi.

    In: Genetics and Molecular Research, Vol. 13, No. 1, 24.03.2014, p. 1979-1988.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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