Possible interactive effects of demographic factors and stress coping mechanisms on depression and anxiety in maintenance hemodialysis patients

Jiro Takaki, Tadahiro Nishi, Hiromi Shimoyama, Toshio Inada, Norimasa Matsuyama, Hiroaki Kumano, Tomifusa Kuboki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the possible interactive effects of age, sex, duration of hemodialysis (HD), educational and income levels, and stress coping mechanisms on depression and anxiety in patients on maintenance HD. Methods: Uremic patients (N=416), regularly undergoing HD for more than 1 year, who did not have apparent cerebrovascular disease or serious intellectual impairment, were investigated. The interactive effects of age, sex, duration of HD, and educational and income levels, in relation to stress coping mechanisms, on depression or anxiety were assessed by hierarchical multiple regression analyses. Results: Regression lines illustrating significant (P<.05) interactions were constructed. The decrease in depression accompanying the increase in task-oriented stress coping was greater in highly educated patients than it was in the other patients. Anxiety levels decreased when patients had both high income and demonstrated a range of task-oriented stress coping mechanisms. For patients undergoing HD for long duration, or with a relatively high income, the decrease of depression and anxiety accompanying a decrease of emotion-oriented stress coping was greater, as compared with other patients. The decrease of depression accompanying an increase of avoidance-oriented stress coping was greater in patients with low income and in older patients than it was in the other patients. Conclusions: These findings may lead to the development of specific and focused interventions for depression or anxiety in maintenance HD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-223
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Coping with stress
  • Depression
  • Hemodialysis
  • Interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

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