Possible Systematic Rotation in the Mature Stellar Population of a z = 9.1 Galaxy

Tsuyoshi Tokuoka, Akio K. Inoue*, Takuya Hashimoto, Richard S. Ellis, Nicolas Laporte, Yuma Sugahara, Hiroshi Matsuo, Yoichi Tamura, Yoshinobu Fudamoto, Kana Moriwaki, Guido Roberts-Borsani, Ikkoh Shimizu, Satoshi Yamanaka, Naoki Yoshida, Erik Zackrisson, Wei Zheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present new observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array for a gravitationally lensed galaxy at z = 9.1, MACS1149-JD1. [O iii] 88 μm emission is detected at 10σ with a spatial resolution of 1/40.3 kpc in the source plane, enabling the most distant morphokinematic study of a galaxy. The [O iii] emission is distributed smoothly without any resolved clumps and shows a clear velocity gradient with "V obs/2σ tot = 0.84 ± 0.23, where "V obs is the observed maximum velocity difference and σ tot is the velocity dispersion measured in the spatially integrated line profile, suggesting a rotating system. Assuming a geometrically thin self-gravitating rotation disk model, we obtain Vrot/σV=0.67-0.26+0.73, where V rot and σ V are the rotation velocity and velocity dispersion, respectively, still consistent with rotation. The resulting disk mass of 0.65-0.40+1.37×109 M ⊙ is consistent with being associated with the stellar mass identified with a 300 Myr old stellar population independently indicated by a Balmer break in the spectral energy distribution. We conclude that the most of the dynamical mass is associated with the previously identified mature stellar population that formed at z ∼15.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL19
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume933
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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