Postbounce evolution of core-collapse supernovae: Long-term effects of the equation of state

K. Sumiyoshi, S. Yamada, H. Suzuki, H. Shen, S. Chiba, H. Toki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

204 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the evolution of a supernova core from the beginning of the gravitational collapse of a 15 M⊙ star up to 1s after core bounce. We present results of spherically symmetric simulations of core-collapse supernovae by solving general relativistic ν-radiation hydrodynamics in the implicit time differencing. We aim to explore the evolution of shock waves in the long term and investigate the formation of proto-neutron stars together with supernova neutrino signatures. These studies are done to examine the influence of the equation of state (EOS) on the postbounce evolution of shock waves in the late phase and the resulting thermal evolution of proto-neutron stars. We compare two sets of EOSs, namely, those by Lattimer and Swesty (LS-EOS) and by Shen et al. (SH-EOS). We found that, for both EOSs, the core does not explode and the shock wave stalls similarly in the first 100 ms after bounce. A revival of the shock wave does not occur even after a long period in either case. However, the recession of the shock wave appears different beyond 200 ms after bounce, having different thermal evolution of the central core. A more compact proto-neutron star is found for LS-EOS than SH-EOS with a difference in the central density by a factor of ∼2 and a difference of ∼10 MeV in the peak temperature. The resulting spectra of supernova neutrinos are different to an extent that may be detectable by terrestrial neutrino detectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)922-932
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume629
Issue number2 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 20

Keywords

  • Equation of state
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Neutrinos
  • Stars: neutron
  • Supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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