Potentiating action of MKC-242, a selective 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist, on the photic entrainment of the circadian activity rhythm in hamsters

T. Moriya*, Y. Yoshinobu, M. Ikeda, S. Yokota, M. Akiyama, S. Shibata

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


1. Serotonergic projections from the midbrain raphe nuclei to the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) are known to regulate the photic entrainment of circadian clocks. However, it is not known which 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor subtypes are involved in the circadian regulation. In order to verify the role of 5-HT(1A) receptors, we examined the effects of 5-{3-[((2S)-1,4-benzodioxan-2-ylmethyl)amino]-propoxy}-1,3-benzodioxole HCl (MKC-242), a selective 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist, on photic entrainment of wheel-running circadian rhythms of hamsters. 2. MKC-242 (3 mg kg-1, i.p.) significantly accelerated the re-entrainment of wheel-running rhythms to a new 8 h delayed or advanced light-dark cycle. 3. MKC-242 (3 mg kg-1, i.p.) also potentiated the phase advance of the wheel-running rhythm produced by low (5 lux) or high (60 lux) intensity light pulses. In contrast, 8-hydroxy-dipropylaminotetralin (8-OH-DPAT) (5 mg kg-1, i.p.), a well known 5-HT(1A)/5-HT7 receptor agonist, only suppressed low intensity (5 lux) light-induced phase advances. 4. The potentiating actions of MKC-242 on light pulse-induced phase advances were observed even when injected 20 or 60 min after the light exposure. 5. The potentiating action of MKC-242 was antagonized by WAY100635, a selective S-HT(1A) receptor blocker, but not by ritanserin, a 5-HT2/5-HT7 receptor blocker, indicating that MKC-242 is activating 5-HT(1A) receptors. 6. Light pulse-induced c-fos expression in the SCN and the intergeniculate leaflet (IGL) were unaffected by MKC-242 (3 mg kg-1, i.p.). 7. HPLC analysis demonstrated that MKC-242 (3 mg kg-1, i.p.) decreased the 5-HIAA content in the SCN. 8. The present results suggest that presynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptor activation may be involved in the potentiation of photic entrainment by MKC-242 in hamsters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1281-1287
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • 5-HT(1A) receptor
  • 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Light-entrainment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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