Potentiation of isokinetic torque is velocity-dependent following an isometric conditioning contraction

Atsuki Fukutani, Naokazu Miyamoto, Hiroaki Kanehisa, Toshimasa Yanai, Yasuo Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Not only twitch torque but also the maximal voluntary concentric torque increases after a high-intensity contraction (conditioning contraction). The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the increase in the maximal voluntary concentric torque induced by a conditioning contraction is prominent when tested at fast angular velocities conditions. Twelve healthy male participants performed the maximal voluntary isometric plantar flexion for six seconds as a conditioning contraction. Before and after the conditioning contraction, peak torques during the maximal voluntary concentric plantar flexions were measured at 30°/s (slow) and 180°/s (fast), each of which was carried out in a separate condition. Isometric twitch torque was also recorded before and after the conditioning contraction in each of the two velocity conditions to confirm the extent of the positive effect of the conditioning contraction. The extent of increase in isometric twitch torque was similar between the two velocity conditions, whereas the maximal voluntary concentric torque increased significantly only in the fast velocity condition (p = 0.003). These results support the hypothesis and indicate that the maximal voluntary concentric torque can be potentiated by the conditioning contraction if the joint angular velocity during the maximal voluntary concentric contraction is sufficiently high.

Original languageEnglish
Article number554
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalSpringerPlus
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Conditioning contraction
  • Electromyography
  • Myosin regulatory light chain
  • Plantar flexion
  • Postactivation potentiation
  • Twitch contraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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