Predicting infection in hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Takamichi Yuhara, Hiroyuki Takemura, Takao Akama, Hiroshi Suzuki, Kazuhide Yamane, Heihachiro Kashiwagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To identify the risk factors for infection and to develop a model for the prediction of infection in hospitalized patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we carried out a retrospective cohort study with clinical data collected from 121 consecutive patients with active SLE. Seventeen patients had infection within 6 months of beginning steroid therapy for active SLE. Independent multivariate predictors of infection were a decrease in the serum albumin value, an increase in the serum creatinine value, and prednisolone use in a dose of ≤60 mg/day without methylprednisolone pulse therapy. The error rate of the model by 10-fold cross-validation method was 12%, sensitivity was 65%, specificity was 91%, and positive predictive value was 55%. Four nonsurvivors were correctly discriminated. Use of this model could contribute to earlier diagnosis of infection and may assist decisions regarding empiric antimicrobial administration in patients with SLE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)629-636
Number of pages8
JournalInternal Medicine
Volume35
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Aug
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Infection
Methylprednisolone
Prednisolone
Serum Albumin
Early Diagnosis
Creatinine
Cohort Studies
Retrospective Studies
Steroids
Therapeutics
Serum

Keywords

  • creatinine
  • prednisolone
  • risk factor
  • serum albumin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Yuhara, T., Takemura, H., Akama, T., Suzuki, H., Yamane, K., & Kashiwagi, H. (1996). Predicting infection in hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Internal Medicine, 35(8), 629-636.

Predicting infection in hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. / Yuhara, Takamichi; Takemura, Hiroyuki; Akama, Takao; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Yamane, Kazuhide; Kashiwagi, Heihachiro.

In: Internal Medicine, Vol. 35, No. 8, 08.1996, p. 629-636.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yuhara, T, Takemura, H, Akama, T, Suzuki, H, Yamane, K & Kashiwagi, H 1996, 'Predicting infection in hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus', Internal Medicine, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 629-636.
Yuhara T, Takemura H, Akama T, Suzuki H, Yamane K, Kashiwagi H. Predicting infection in hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Internal Medicine. 1996 Aug;35(8):629-636.
Yuhara, Takamichi ; Takemura, Hiroyuki ; Akama, Takao ; Suzuki, Hiroshi ; Yamane, Kazuhide ; Kashiwagi, Heihachiro. / Predicting infection in hospitalized patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. In: Internal Medicine. 1996 ; Vol. 35, No. 8. pp. 629-636.
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