Predicting native language from gaze

Yevgeni Berzak, Chie Nakamura, Suzanne Flynn, Boris Katz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A fundamental question in language learning concerns the role of a speaker's first language in second language acquisition. We present a novel methodology for studying this question: analysis of eye-movement patterns in second language reading of free-form text. Using this methodology, we demonstrate for the first time that the native language of English learners can be predicted from their gaze fixations when reading English. We provide analysis of classifier uncertainty and learned features, which indicates that differences in English reading are likely to be rooted in linguistic divergences across native languages. The presented framework complements production studies and offers new ground for advancing research on multilingualism.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers)
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics (ACL)
Pages541-551
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781945626753
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes
Event55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2017 - Vancouver, Canada
Duration: 2017 Jul 302017 Aug 4

Publication series

NameACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers)
Volume1

Other

Other55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2017
CountryCanada
CityVancouver
Period17/7/3017/8/4

Fingerprint

Eye movements
Linguistics
Classifiers
language
methodology
multilingualism
language acquisition
divergence
Uncertainty
Native Language
uncertainty
linguistics
Methodology
Language
learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Software
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Berzak, Y., Nakamura, C., Flynn, S., & Katz, B. (2017). Predicting native language from gaze. In ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers) (pp. 541-551). (ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers); Vol. 1). Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL). https://doi.org/10.18653/v1/P17-1050

Predicting native language from gaze. / Berzak, Yevgeni; Nakamura, Chie; Flynn, Suzanne; Katz, Boris.

ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers). Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), 2017. p. 541-551 (ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers); Vol. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Berzak, Y, Nakamura, C, Flynn, S & Katz, B 2017, Predicting native language from gaze. in ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers). ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers), vol. 1, Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), pp. 541-551, 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2017, Vancouver, Canada, 17/7/30. https://doi.org/10.18653/v1/P17-1050
Berzak Y, Nakamura C, Flynn S, Katz B. Predicting native language from gaze. In ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers). Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL). 2017. p. 541-551. (ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers)). https://doi.org/10.18653/v1/P17-1050
Berzak, Yevgeni ; Nakamura, Chie ; Flynn, Suzanne ; Katz, Boris. / Predicting native language from gaze. ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers). Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), 2017. pp. 541-551 (ACL 2017 - 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Proceedings of the Conference (Long Papers)).
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