Predicting the unbeaten path through syntactic priming

Manabu Arai, Chie Nakamura, Reiko Mazuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of previous studies showed that comprehenders make use of lexically based constraints such as subcategorization frequency in processing structurally ambiguous sentences. One piece of such evidence is lexically specific syntactic priming in comprehension; following the costly processing of a temporarily ambiguous sentence, comprehenders experience less processing difficulty with the same structure with the same verb in subsequent processing. In previous studies using a reading paradigm, however, the effect was observed at or following disambiguating information and it is not known whether a priming effect affects only the process of resolving structural ambiguity following disambiguating input or it also affects the process before ambiguity is resolved. Using a visual world paradigm, the current study addressed this issue with Japanese relative clause sentences. Our results demonstrated that after experiencing the relative clause structure, comprehenders were more likely to predict the usually dispreferred structure immediately upon hearing the same verb. No compatible effect, in contrast, was observed on hearing a different verb. Our results are consistent with the constraint-based lexicalist view, which assumes the parallel activation of possible structural analyses at the verb. Our study demonstrated that an experience of a dispreferred structure activates the structural information in a lexically specific manner, leading comprehenders to predict another instance of the same structure on encountering the same verb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-500
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hearing
Reading
paradigm
activation
comprehension
experience
Verbs
Syntactic Priming
evidence
Relative Clauses

Keywords

  • Anticipatory eye movements
  • Garden-path sentence
  • Prediction
  • Syntactic priming
  • Visualworld paradigm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Predicting the unbeaten path through syntactic priming. / Arai, Manabu; Nakamura, Chie; Mazuka, Reiko.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, Vol. 41, No. 2, 01.03.2015, p. 482-500.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Arai, Manabu ; Nakamura, Chie ; Mazuka, Reiko. / Predicting the unbeaten path through syntactic priming. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition. 2015 ; Vol. 41, No. 2. pp. 482-500.
@article{e0ba9d1503934ab99b8706a5a7149a01,
title = "Predicting the unbeaten path through syntactic priming",
abstract = "A number of previous studies showed that comprehenders make use of lexically based constraints such as subcategorization frequency in processing structurally ambiguous sentences. One piece of such evidence is lexically specific syntactic priming in comprehension; following the costly processing of a temporarily ambiguous sentence, comprehenders experience less processing difficulty with the same structure with the same verb in subsequent processing. In previous studies using a reading paradigm, however, the effect was observed at or following disambiguating information and it is not known whether a priming effect affects only the process of resolving structural ambiguity following disambiguating input or it also affects the process before ambiguity is resolved. Using a visual world paradigm, the current study addressed this issue with Japanese relative clause sentences. Our results demonstrated that after experiencing the relative clause structure, comprehenders were more likely to predict the usually dispreferred structure immediately upon hearing the same verb. No compatible effect, in contrast, was observed on hearing a different verb. Our results are consistent with the constraint-based lexicalist view, which assumes the parallel activation of possible structural analyses at the verb. Our study demonstrated that an experience of a dispreferred structure activates the structural information in a lexically specific manner, leading comprehenders to predict another instance of the same structure on encountering the same verb.",
keywords = "Anticipatory eye movements, Garden-path sentence, Prediction, Syntactic priming, Visualworld paradigm",
author = "Manabu Arai and Chie Nakamura and Reiko Mazuka",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0038389",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "482--500",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition",
issn = "0278-7393",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predicting the unbeaten path through syntactic priming

AU - Arai, Manabu

AU - Nakamura, Chie

AU - Mazuka, Reiko

PY - 2015/3/1

Y1 - 2015/3/1

N2 - A number of previous studies showed that comprehenders make use of lexically based constraints such as subcategorization frequency in processing structurally ambiguous sentences. One piece of such evidence is lexically specific syntactic priming in comprehension; following the costly processing of a temporarily ambiguous sentence, comprehenders experience less processing difficulty with the same structure with the same verb in subsequent processing. In previous studies using a reading paradigm, however, the effect was observed at or following disambiguating information and it is not known whether a priming effect affects only the process of resolving structural ambiguity following disambiguating input or it also affects the process before ambiguity is resolved. Using a visual world paradigm, the current study addressed this issue with Japanese relative clause sentences. Our results demonstrated that after experiencing the relative clause structure, comprehenders were more likely to predict the usually dispreferred structure immediately upon hearing the same verb. No compatible effect, in contrast, was observed on hearing a different verb. Our results are consistent with the constraint-based lexicalist view, which assumes the parallel activation of possible structural analyses at the verb. Our study demonstrated that an experience of a dispreferred structure activates the structural information in a lexically specific manner, leading comprehenders to predict another instance of the same structure on encountering the same verb.

AB - A number of previous studies showed that comprehenders make use of lexically based constraints such as subcategorization frequency in processing structurally ambiguous sentences. One piece of such evidence is lexically specific syntactic priming in comprehension; following the costly processing of a temporarily ambiguous sentence, comprehenders experience less processing difficulty with the same structure with the same verb in subsequent processing. In previous studies using a reading paradigm, however, the effect was observed at or following disambiguating information and it is not known whether a priming effect affects only the process of resolving structural ambiguity following disambiguating input or it also affects the process before ambiguity is resolved. Using a visual world paradigm, the current study addressed this issue with Japanese relative clause sentences. Our results demonstrated that after experiencing the relative clause structure, comprehenders were more likely to predict the usually dispreferred structure immediately upon hearing the same verb. No compatible effect, in contrast, was observed on hearing a different verb. Our results are consistent with the constraint-based lexicalist view, which assumes the parallel activation of possible structural analyses at the verb. Our study demonstrated that an experience of a dispreferred structure activates the structural information in a lexically specific manner, leading comprehenders to predict another instance of the same structure on encountering the same verb.

KW - Anticipatory eye movements

KW - Garden-path sentence

KW - Prediction

KW - Syntactic priming

KW - Visualworld paradigm

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925807669&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84925807669&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0038389

DO - 10.1037/a0038389

M3 - Article

C2 - 25528094

AN - SCOPUS:84925807669

VL - 41

SP - 482

EP - 500

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition

SN - 0278-7393

IS - 2

ER -