Predictive lethal proarrhythmic risk evaluation using a closed-loop-circuit cell network with human induced pluripotent stem cells derived cardiomyocytes

Fumimasa Nomura, Akihiro Hattori, Hideyuki Terazono, Hyonchol Kim, Masao Odaka, Yoshihiro Sugio, Kenji Yasuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For the prediction of lethal arrhythmia occurrence caused by abnormality of cell-to-cell conduction, we have developed a next-generation in vitro cell-to-cell conduction assay, i.e., a quasi in vivo assay, in which the change in spatial cell-to-cell conduction is quantitatively evaluated from the change in waveforms of the convoluted electrophysiological signals from lined-up cardiomyocytes on a single closed loop of a microelectrode of 1mm diameter and 20m width in a cultivation chip. To evaluate the importance of the closed-loop arrangement of cardiomyocytes for prediction, we compared the change in waveforms of convoluted signals of the responses in the closed-loop circuit arrangement with that of the response of cardiomyocyte clusters using a typical human ether a go-go related gene (hERG) ion channel blocker, E-4031. The results showed that (1) waveform prolongation and fluctuation both in the closed loops and clusters increased depending on the E-4031 concentration increase. However, (2) only the waveform signals in closed loops showed an apparent temporal change in waveforms from ventricular tachycardia (VT) to ventricular fibrillation (VF), which is similar to the most typical cell-to-cell conductance abnormality. The results indicated the usefulness of convoluted waveform signals of a closed-loop cell network for acquiring reproducible results acquisition and more detailed temporal information on cell-to-cell conduction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number06GN07
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

stem cells
Stem cells
Assays
Networks (circuits)
evaluation
Microelectrodes
cells
waveforms
Ethers
Genes
Ions
conduction
abnormalities
tachycardia
arrhythmia
fibrillation
prolongation
predictions
genes
ethers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Predictive lethal proarrhythmic risk evaluation using a closed-loop-circuit cell network with human induced pluripotent stem cells derived cardiomyocytes. / Nomura, Fumimasa; Hattori, Akihiro; Terazono, Hideyuki; Kim, Hyonchol; Odaka, Masao; Sugio, Yoshihiro; Yasuda, Kenji.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 55, No. 6, 06GN07, 01.06.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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