Preparation and characterization of dicesium tetravalent plutonium hexanitrate

Masaumi Nakahara, Kazunori Nomura, Tadahiro Washiya, Takahiro Chikazawa, Izumi Hirasawa

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In experiments on U crystallization in a dissolver solution containing Cs, there is concern that Cs and Pu(IV) nitrate complex are deposited on the UNH crystal in the dissolver solution at the time of the U crystallization. The characteristics of generation of Cs and Pu(IV) nitrate complex with dissolver solution of MOX fuel were examined. This complex was obtained as a precipitate by mixing dissolver solution of MOX fuel and CsNO3 solution, and was identified as dicesium tetravalent plutonium hexanitrate, Cs2Pu(NO3)6 by concentration analysis and XRD. The precipitate has a tendency to be generated at high HNO3 concentrations. Thermal analysis shows that the precipitate is stable below 245 °C, and a weight loss of 10.29 ± 0.23% is observed between 245 and 297 °C. This result indicates the decomposition of Cs2Pu(NO3)6 to Cs2PuO2(NO3)4. With these properties, the UNH crystal should melt at the condition between 60 and 100 °C and be separable from the Cs complex by filtration. This suggests a new method of crystal purification allowing higher decontamination of UNH crystal in the U crystallization process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-662
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume489
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 21

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Keywords

  • Actinide alloys and compounds
  • Precipitation
  • Thermal analysis
  • X-ray diffraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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