Preparation of extractant-impregnated fiber for recovery of palladium from hydrochloric acid solution

Yuki Nakamura, Kunio Fujiwara, Takanobu Sugo, Shigeko Kawai-Noma, Daisuke Umeno, Kyoichi Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

For recovery of palladium (Pd) from a hydrochloric acid medium, dioctyl sulfide (DOS), a neutral extractant capable of specifically capturing Pd anionic species, was impregnated onto a hydrophobic ligand-containing polymer chain grafted onto 6-nylon fiber, using radiation-induced graft polymerization. The hydrophobic ligand was the dode canethiol(C12S) moiety, which functions both in the impregnation of DOS via hydrophobic interaction and in the direct uptake of Pd species by a similar mechanism as DOS. The C12S group was immobilized at a density of 2.0 mmol/g through its reaction of C12S with the epoxy group of the poly-glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) chain grafted onto the nylon fiber, and DOS was impregnated onto the resulting fiber at a density of 0.40-1.1 mmol/g. For example, fiber impregnated with DOS at a density of 0.40 mmol/g possessed a saturation capacity of 0.70 mmol-Pd/g in 1 mol/L HCl. The molar binding ratios of Pd to impregnated DOS and immobilized C12S were calculated as 0.50 and 0.27, respectively. In addition, the DOS-impregnated fiber specifically captured Pd species from a mixture solution of Pd and platinum (Pt) species in 1-4 mol/L HCl.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-118
Number of pages6
Journalkagaku kogaku ronbunshu
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorptive fiber for solid-phase extraction
  • Impregnation of Dioctylsulfide
  • Palladium
  • Radiation-Induced graft polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Preparation of extractant-impregnated fiber for recovery of palladium from hydrochloric acid solution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this