Preparation of flat porous carbon films from paper-thin wood shavings and control of their mechanical, electrical and magnetic properties

Masao Kitajima, Masamichi Sato, Hiroyuki Nishide

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Abstract

A method for preparing flat porous carbonized films (FPCFs) by carbonizing paper-thin wood shavings was developed, and their structures and properties were investigated. The FPCFs were binder-free and had horizontal honeycomb structures consisting of macropores of 2-50 μm arising from tracheids and pittings. The FPCFs with approximate dimensions of 120 mm × 104 mm × 113 μm showed some flexibility. They were effectively reinforced and became twistable by introducing styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) into the macropores via impregnation. The SBR-modified FPCFs carbonized at 1023 K retained electrical conductivity on the order of 10-3 S/m with the inclusion of SBR concentrations up to 15 mg/cm2. The electrical conductivity of FPCFs carbonized at 773 K changed from nonconductive to 10- 2 S/m by impregnating the macropores with electrically conductive carbon paste or to 105 S/m with Cu chemical plating. The FPCFs became responsive to a magnetic field by impregnating the macropores with a magnetic fluid or by creating ferrites through chemical reactions within the macropores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-269
Number of pages10
JournalCarbon
Volume61
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Sep

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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