Preparation of Oleyl Phosphate-Modified TiO2/Poly(methyl methacrylate) Hybrid Thin Films for Investigation of Their Optical Properties

Masato Fujita, Naokazu Idota, Kimihiro Matsukawa, Yoshiyuki Sugahara*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) modified with oleyl phosphate were synthesized through stable Ti-O-P bonds and were utilized to prepare poly(methyl methacrylate)- (PMMA-) based hybrid thin films via the ex situ route for investigation of their optical properties. After surface modification of TiO2 NPs with oleyl phosphate, IR and 13C CP/MAS NMR spectroscopy showed the presence of oleyl groups. The solid-state 31P MAS NMR spectrum of the product revealed that the signal due to oleyl phosphate (OP) shifted upon reaction, indicating formation of covalent Ti-O-P bonds. The modified TiO2 NPs could be homogeneously dispersed in toluene, and the median size was 16.1 nm, which is likely to be sufficient to suppress Rayleigh scattering effectively. The TEM images of TiO2/PMMA hybrid thin films also showed a homogeneous dispersion of TiO2 NPs, and they exhibited excellent optical transparency even though the TiO2 content was 20 vol%. The refractive indices of the OP-modified TiO2/PMMA hybrid thin films changed higher with increases in TiO2 volume fraction, and the hybrid thin film with 20 vol% of TiO2 showed the highest refractive index (n = 1.86).

Original languageEnglish
Article number297197
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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