Preparation of stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric magnesium titanate spinels

Wataru Sugimoto, Naohiro Kaneko, Yoshiyuki Sugahara, Kazuyuki Kuroda

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polycrystalline samples of stoichiometric spinels, Mg1+xTi2-xO4 (0≤x≤1.0), and spinels with cation diversity, Mg(1+x)yTi2-xO4 and Mg1+xTi(2-x)y,O4 (x=0.4215, y=0.95-1.05), and oxygen deficiency Mg1+xTi2-xO4-δ (x=0.4215, δ=0.05-0.30) were prepared by solid-state reaction of MgO, TiO2 and Ti to examine the effects of the composition and holding time on the structure of the spinel phase, the impurity phase formation behavior and the electrical properties. In addition to Mg2TiO4 (x=1) prepared at 1300°C under an ambient atmosphere, samples were prepared at 1250°C under an argon atmosphere. Compositional analyses revealed that volatilization of compounds and oxidation during firing were negligible. The variation in the unit cell parameter a of the spinel phase indicated solid-solution formation for all stoichiometric samples in spite of the presence of impurities. The impurity-phase formation behavior was strongly dependent upon synthetic conditions, x-value, and induced nonstoichiometry. Other than the insulating Mg2TiO4, resistivity measurements indicated that all samples were semiconducting below room temperature. No distinct variation in resistivity behavior was observed for samples with different holding time or with induced nonstoichiometry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-105
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Volume105
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Electrical properties
  • Magnesium titanate
  • Nonstoichiometry
  • Solid solution
  • Solid-state reaction
  • Spinel structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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