Pressure Dependence of Rate Coefficients for Formation and Dissociation of Pentachlorodisilane and Related Chemical Activation Reactions

Kaito Noda, Nilson Kunioshi, Akio Fuwa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Four entrance channels to the pentachlorodisilane (Si2HCl5) potential energy well, namely, SiCl2 + SiHCl3, SiCl4 + SiHCl, Cl3SiSiCl + HCl, and SiCl3 + SiHCl2, were analyzed in detail through transition state theory, Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) theory, and solution of the multichannel master equation. The stationary points in the potential energy surface were optimized, and their vibrational frequencies and rotational constants calculated at the (U)B3LYP/6–31+G(d,p) level of theory; the (U)CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ level was then used for accurate estimation of activation energies. The pressure and temperature dependence of the rate coefficients of the channels related to Si2HCl5 stabilization/dissociation was determined along a wide range of conditions, for the first time. All channels showed strong pressure dependence in the four cases, at least at low-to-moderate pressure conditions. Each entrance channel leads to the formation of different products under different conditions, and the mechanism was analyzed in detail. The results indicated that at atmospheric pressure the reactions are in the falloff region, and therefore do not support the adoption of high-pressure limit rate coefficients in reaction models designed for simulation of systems at atmospheric or subatmospheric pressure conditions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)584-595
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal of Chemical Kinetics
    Volume49
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

    Fingerprint

    pressure dependence
    Chemical activation
    activation
    dissociation
    Pressure
    coefficients
    entrances
    atmospheric pressure
    potential energy
    Potential energy surfaces
    Atmospheric Pressure
    Vibrational spectra
    Potential energy
    stabilization
    Atmospheric pressure
    activation energy
    Stabilization
    temperature dependence
    Activation energy
    products

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Organic Chemistry
    • Inorganic Chemistry

    Cite this

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    title = "Pressure Dependence of Rate Coefficients for Formation and Dissociation of Pentachlorodisilane and Related Chemical Activation Reactions",
    abstract = "Four entrance channels to the pentachlorodisilane (Si2HCl5) potential energy well, namely, SiCl2 + SiHCl3, SiCl4 + SiHCl, Cl3SiSiCl + HCl, and SiCl3 + SiHCl2, were analyzed in detail through transition state theory, Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) theory, and solution of the multichannel master equation. The stationary points in the potential energy surface were optimized, and their vibrational frequencies and rotational constants calculated at the (U)B3LYP/6–31+G(d,p) level of theory; the (U)CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ level was then used for accurate estimation of activation energies. The pressure and temperature dependence of the rate coefficients of the channels related to Si2HCl5 stabilization/dissociation was determined along a wide range of conditions, for the first time. All channels showed strong pressure dependence in the four cases, at least at low-to-moderate pressure conditions. Each entrance channel leads to the formation of different products under different conditions, and the mechanism was analyzed in detail. The results indicated that at atmospheric pressure the reactions are in the falloff region, and therefore do not support the adoption of high-pressure limit rate coefficients in reaction models designed for simulation of systems at atmospheric or subatmospheric pressure conditions.",
    author = "Kaito Noda and Nilson Kunioshi and Akio Fuwa",
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    T1 - Pressure Dependence of Rate Coefficients for Formation and Dissociation of Pentachlorodisilane and Related Chemical Activation Reactions

    AU - Noda, Kaito

    AU - Kunioshi, Nilson

    AU - Fuwa, Akio

    PY - 2017/8/1

    Y1 - 2017/8/1

    N2 - Four entrance channels to the pentachlorodisilane (Si2HCl5) potential energy well, namely, SiCl2 + SiHCl3, SiCl4 + SiHCl, Cl3SiSiCl + HCl, and SiCl3 + SiHCl2, were analyzed in detail through transition state theory, Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) theory, and solution of the multichannel master equation. The stationary points in the potential energy surface were optimized, and their vibrational frequencies and rotational constants calculated at the (U)B3LYP/6–31+G(d,p) level of theory; the (U)CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ level was then used for accurate estimation of activation energies. The pressure and temperature dependence of the rate coefficients of the channels related to Si2HCl5 stabilization/dissociation was determined along a wide range of conditions, for the first time. All channels showed strong pressure dependence in the four cases, at least at low-to-moderate pressure conditions. Each entrance channel leads to the formation of different products under different conditions, and the mechanism was analyzed in detail. The results indicated that at atmospheric pressure the reactions are in the falloff region, and therefore do not support the adoption of high-pressure limit rate coefficients in reaction models designed for simulation of systems at atmospheric or subatmospheric pressure conditions.

    AB - Four entrance channels to the pentachlorodisilane (Si2HCl5) potential energy well, namely, SiCl2 + SiHCl3, SiCl4 + SiHCl, Cl3SiSiCl + HCl, and SiCl3 + SiHCl2, were analyzed in detail through transition state theory, Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) theory, and solution of the multichannel master equation. The stationary points in the potential energy surface were optimized, and their vibrational frequencies and rotational constants calculated at the (U)B3LYP/6–31+G(d,p) level of theory; the (U)CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ level was then used for accurate estimation of activation energies. The pressure and temperature dependence of the rate coefficients of the channels related to Si2HCl5 stabilization/dissociation was determined along a wide range of conditions, for the first time. All channels showed strong pressure dependence in the four cases, at least at low-to-moderate pressure conditions. Each entrance channel leads to the formation of different products under different conditions, and the mechanism was analyzed in detail. The results indicated that at atmospheric pressure the reactions are in the falloff region, and therefore do not support the adoption of high-pressure limit rate coefficients in reaction models designed for simulation of systems at atmospheric or subatmospheric pressure conditions.

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