Pressure-dipole solutions of the thin-film equation

Mark Bowen, T. P. WITELSKI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigate self-similar sign-changing solutions to the thin-film equation, ht = −(|h|nhxxx)x, on the semi-infinite domain x ≥ 0 with zero-pressure-type boundary conditions h = hxx = 0 imposed at the origin. In particular, we identify classes of first- and second-kind compactly supported self-similar solutions (with a free-boundary x = s(t) = Ltβ) and consider how these solutions depend on the mobility exponent n; multiple solutions can exist with the same number of sign changes. For n = 0, we also construct first-kind self-similar solutions on the entire half-line x ≥ 0 and show that they act as limiting cases for sequences of compactly supported solutions in the limit of infinitely many sign changes. In addition, at n = 1, we highlight accumulation point-like behaviour of sign-changes local to the moving interface x = s(t). We conclude with a numerical investigation of solutions to the full time-dependent partial differential equation (based on a non-local regularisation of the mobility coefficient) and discuss the computational results in relation to the self-similar solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-42
Number of pages42
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Mathematics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Apr 2

Fingerprint

Thin Film Equation
Self-similar Solutions
Sign Change
Dipole
Thin films
Moving Interface
Sign-changing Solutions
Accumulation point
Infinite Domain
Multiple Solutions
Numerical Investigation
Free Boundary
Computational Results
Half line
Regularization
Partial differential equation
Limiting
Exponent
Entire
Partial differential equations

Keywords

  • Second-kind solutions
  • Sign-changing solutions
  • Similarity solutions
  • Thin-film equation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

Pressure-dipole solutions of the thin-film equation. / Bowen, Mark; WITELSKI, T. P.

In: European Journal of Applied Mathematics, 02.04.2018, p. 1-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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