Prevalence of disabled throwing shoulder and its shoulder function among youth football goalkeepers

Hideaki Nagamoto*, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Daisuke Kurokawa, Takayuki Muraki, Haruki Yaguchi, Kiyotsugu Shinagawa, Tsukasa Kumai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: Although the football goalkeepers are overhead athletes, no studies have reported the prevalence of disabled throwing shoulder (DTS) and the shoulder function. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of DTS among youth football goalkeepers and to determine the relationship among their shoulder functions. Methods: Youth football goalkeepers, who participated in a pre-participation medical examination were included in the study. The questionnaire was handed out before the examination to determine the players' age, dominant hand, and shoulder pain history. If the player had a history of shoulder pain during ball throwing motion in the past, they were defined as goalkeepers with DTS. Physical examination of scapular positioning, scapular retraction and rotator cuff muscle strength, and ultrasonographic evaluation were performed. Results: Six goalkeepers (16%) had a history of DTS among the 38 male youth football goalkeepers. The presence of scapular malpositioning, limitation of scapular retraction, and decrease in rotator cuff strength was significantly higher in goalkeepers with DTS than in those without DTS (p = 0.03, p < 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively). Three goalkeepers with DTS revealed ultrasonographic findings. Conclusion: The prevalence of DTS among youth football goalkeepers was 16%. All these players had scapular malpositioning and limitation of scapular retraction. Scapular malpositioning and limitation of scapular retraction may be related to the DTS in youth football goalkeepers. Level of evidence: Level IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-79
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Disabled throwing shoulder
  • Football
  • Goalkeeper
  • Overhead athlete
  • Scapular positioning
  • Scapular retraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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