Pro-girl Bias in Intra-household Allocation in the Rural Philippines: Revisiting the "Adult Goods" Approach

Nobuhiko Fuwa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


    This paper detects pro-girl (age 5-15) bias in intra-household allocation of consumption budget in the rural Philippines using Deaton's "adult goods" method. Based on additional checks (including those for endogeneity), the results appear to be robust. The paper also finds that a larger share of girls among household members is positively associated with a larger budget share on transportation, suggesting that parents pay more for girls' transportation, possibly because of safety concerns. The results also suggest that, despite some earlier results in the literature, the adult goods method is capable of detecting gender bias, although alcohol and tobacco may not be suitable for detecting gender bias.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)727-740
    Number of pages14
    JournalReview of Development Economics
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 1


    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Development

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