Probe of the solar magnetic field using the "cosmic-ray shadow" of the sun

M. Amenomori, X. J. Bi, D. Chen, T. L. Chen, W. Y. Chen, S. W. Cui, Danzengluobu, L. K. Ding, C. F. Feng, Zhaoyang Feng, Z. Y. Feng, Q. B. Gou, Y. Q. Guo, K. Hakamada, H. H. He, Z. T. He, K. Hibino, N. Hotta, Haibing Hu, H. B. HuJ. Huang, H. Y. Jia, L. Jiang, F. Kajino, K. Kasahara, Y. Katayose, C. Kato, K. Kawata, Labaciren, G. M. Le, A. F. Li, H. J. Li, W. J. Li, C. Liu, J. S. Liu, M. Y. Liu, H. Lu, X. R. Meng, K. Mizutani, K. Munakata, H. Nanjo, M. Nishizawa, M. Ohnishi, I. Ohta, H. Onuma, Shunsuke Ozawa, X. L. Qian, X. B. Qu, T. Saito, T. Y. Saito, M. Sakata, T. K. Sako, J. Shao, M. Shibata, A. Shiomi, T. Shirai, H. Sugimoto, M. Takita, Y. H. Tan, N. Tateyama, Shoji Torii, H. Tsuchiya, S. Udo, H. Wang, H. R. Wu, L. Xue, Y. Yamamoto, Z. Yang, S. Yasue, A. F. Yuan, T. Yuda, L. M. Zhai, H. M. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Yi Zhang, Ying Zhang, Zhaxisangzhu, X. X. Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report on a clear solar-cycle variation of the Sun's shadow in the 10 TeV cosmic-ray flux observed by the Tibet air shower array during a full solar cycle from 1996 to 2009. In order to clarify the physical implications of the observed solar cycle variation, we develop numerical simulations of the Sun's shadow, using the potential field source surface model and the current sheet source surface (CSSS) model for the coronal magnetic field. We find that the intensity deficit in the simulated Sun's shadow is very sensitive to the coronal magnetic field structure, and the observed variation of the Sun's shadow is better reproduced by the CSSS model. This is the first successful attempt to evaluate the coronal magnetic field models by using the Sun's shadow observed in the TeV cosmic-ray flux.

Original languageEnglish
Article number011101
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 1

Fingerprint

solar magnetic field
cosmic rays
sun
solar cycles
probes
current sheets
magnetic fields
Tibet
cosmic ray showers
potential fields
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Amenomori, M., Bi, X. J., Chen, D., Chen, T. L., Chen, W. Y., Cui, S. W., ... Zhou, X. X. (2013). Probe of the solar magnetic field using the "cosmic-ray shadow" of the sun. Physical Review Letters, 111(1), [011101]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.011101

Probe of the solar magnetic field using the "cosmic-ray shadow" of the sun. / Amenomori, M.; Bi, X. J.; Chen, D.; Chen, T. L.; Chen, W. Y.; Cui, S. W.; Danzengluobu; Ding, L. K.; Feng, C. F.; Feng, Zhaoyang; Feng, Z. Y.; Gou, Q. B.; Guo, Y. Q.; Hakamada, K.; He, H. H.; He, Z. T.; Hibino, K.; Hotta, N.; Hu, Haibing; Hu, H. B.; Huang, J.; Jia, H. Y.; Jiang, L.; Kajino, F.; Kasahara, K.; Katayose, Y.; Kato, C.; Kawata, K.; Labaciren; Le, G. M.; Li, A. F.; Li, H. J.; Li, W. J.; Liu, C.; Liu, J. S.; Liu, M. Y.; Lu, H.; Meng, X. R.; Mizutani, K.; Munakata, K.; Nanjo, H.; Nishizawa, M.; Ohnishi, M.; Ohta, I.; Onuma, H.; Ozawa, Shunsuke; Qian, X. L.; Qu, X. B.; Saito, T.; Saito, T. Y.; Sakata, M.; Sako, T. K.; Shao, J.; Shibata, M.; Shiomi, A.; Shirai, T.; Sugimoto, H.; Takita, M.; Tan, Y. H.; Tateyama, N.; Torii, Shoji; Tsuchiya, H.; Udo, S.; Wang, H.; Wu, H. R.; Xue, L.; Yamamoto, Y.; Yang, Z.; Yasue, S.; Yuan, A. F.; Yuda, T.; Zhai, L. M.; Zhang, H. M.; Zhang, J. L.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Yi; Zhang, Ying; Zhaxisangzhu; Zhou, X. X.

In: Physical Review Letters, Vol. 111, No. 1, 011101, 01.07.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amenomori, M, Bi, XJ, Chen, D, Chen, TL, Chen, WY, Cui, SW, Danzengluobu, Ding, LK, Feng, CF, Feng, Z, Feng, ZY, Gou, QB, Guo, YQ, Hakamada, K, He, HH, He, ZT, Hibino, K, Hotta, N, Hu, H, Hu, HB, Huang, J, Jia, HY, Jiang, L, Kajino, F, Kasahara, K, Katayose, Y, Kato, C, Kawata, K, Labaciren, Le, GM, Li, AF, Li, HJ, Li, WJ, Liu, C, Liu, JS, Liu, MY, Lu, H, Meng, XR, Mizutani, K, Munakata, K, Nanjo, H, Nishizawa, M, Ohnishi, M, Ohta, I, Onuma, H, Ozawa, S, Qian, XL, Qu, XB, Saito, T, Saito, TY, Sakata, M, Sako, TK, Shao, J, Shibata, M, Shiomi, A, Shirai, T, Sugimoto, H, Takita, M, Tan, YH, Tateyama, N, Torii, S, Tsuchiya, H, Udo, S, Wang, H, Wu, HR, Xue, L, Yamamoto, Y, Yang, Z, Yasue, S, Yuan, AF, Yuda, T, Zhai, LM, Zhang, HM, Zhang, JL, Zhang, XY, Zhang, Y, Zhang, Y, Zhang, Y, Zhaxisangzhu & Zhou, XX 2013, 'Probe of the solar magnetic field using the "cosmic-ray shadow" of the sun', Physical Review Letters, vol. 111, no. 1, 011101. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.011101
Amenomori, M. ; Bi, X. J. ; Chen, D. ; Chen, T. L. ; Chen, W. Y. ; Cui, S. W. ; Danzengluobu ; Ding, L. K. ; Feng, C. F. ; Feng, Zhaoyang ; Feng, Z. Y. ; Gou, Q. B. ; Guo, Y. Q. ; Hakamada, K. ; He, H. H. ; He, Z. T. ; Hibino, K. ; Hotta, N. ; Hu, Haibing ; Hu, H. B. ; Huang, J. ; Jia, H. Y. ; Jiang, L. ; Kajino, F. ; Kasahara, K. ; Katayose, Y. ; Kato, C. ; Kawata, K. ; Labaciren ; Le, G. M. ; Li, A. F. ; Li, H. J. ; Li, W. J. ; Liu, C. ; Liu, J. S. ; Liu, M. Y. ; Lu, H. ; Meng, X. R. ; Mizutani, K. ; Munakata, K. ; Nanjo, H. ; Nishizawa, M. ; Ohnishi, M. ; Ohta, I. ; Onuma, H. ; Ozawa, Shunsuke ; Qian, X. L. ; Qu, X. B. ; Saito, T. ; Saito, T. Y. ; Sakata, M. ; Sako, T. K. ; Shao, J. ; Shibata, M. ; Shiomi, A. ; Shirai, T. ; Sugimoto, H. ; Takita, M. ; Tan, Y. H. ; Tateyama, N. ; Torii, Shoji ; Tsuchiya, H. ; Udo, S. ; Wang, H. ; Wu, H. R. ; Xue, L. ; Yamamoto, Y. ; Yang, Z. ; Yasue, S. ; Yuan, A. F. ; Yuda, T. ; Zhai, L. M. ; Zhang, H. M. ; Zhang, J. L. ; Zhang, X. Y. ; Zhang, Y. ; Zhang, Yi ; Zhang, Ying ; Zhaxisangzhu ; Zhou, X. X. / Probe of the solar magnetic field using the "cosmic-ray shadow" of the sun. In: Physical Review Letters. 2013 ; Vol. 111, No. 1.
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T1 - Probe of the solar magnetic field using the "cosmic-ray shadow" of the sun

AU - Amenomori, M.

AU - Bi, X. J.

AU - Chen, D.

AU - Chen, T. L.

AU - Chen, W. Y.

AU - Cui, S. W.

AU - Danzengluobu,

AU - Ding, L. K.

AU - Feng, C. F.

AU - Feng, Zhaoyang

AU - Feng, Z. Y.

AU - Gou, Q. B.

AU - Guo, Y. Q.

AU - Hakamada, K.

AU - He, H. H.

AU - He, Z. T.

AU - Hibino, K.

AU - Hotta, N.

AU - Hu, Haibing

AU - Hu, H. B.

AU - Huang, J.

AU - Jia, H. Y.

AU - Jiang, L.

AU - Kajino, F.

AU - Kasahara, K.

AU - Katayose, Y.

AU - Kato, C.

AU - Kawata, K.

AU - Labaciren,

AU - Le, G. M.

AU - Li, A. F.

AU - Li, H. J.

AU - Li, W. J.

AU - Liu, C.

AU - Liu, J. S.

AU - Liu, M. Y.

AU - Lu, H.

AU - Meng, X. R.

AU - Mizutani, K.

AU - Munakata, K.

AU - Nanjo, H.

AU - Nishizawa, M.

AU - Ohnishi, M.

AU - Ohta, I.

AU - Onuma, H.

AU - Ozawa, Shunsuke

AU - Qian, X. L.

AU - Qu, X. B.

AU - Saito, T.

AU - Saito, T. Y.

AU - Sakata, M.

AU - Sako, T. K.

AU - Shao, J.

AU - Shibata, M.

AU - Shiomi, A.

AU - Shirai, T.

AU - Sugimoto, H.

AU - Takita, M.

AU - Tan, Y. H.

AU - Tateyama, N.

AU - Torii, Shoji

AU - Tsuchiya, H.

AU - Udo, S.

AU - Wang, H.

AU - Wu, H. R.

AU - Xue, L.

AU - Yamamoto, Y.

AU - Yang, Z.

AU - Yasue, S.

AU - Yuan, A. F.

AU - Yuda, T.

AU - Zhai, L. M.

AU - Zhang, H. M.

AU - Zhang, J. L.

AU - Zhang, X. Y.

AU - Zhang, Y.

AU - Zhang, Yi

AU - Zhang, Ying

AU - Zhaxisangzhu,

AU - Zhou, X. X.

PY - 2013/7/1

Y1 - 2013/7/1

N2 - We report on a clear solar-cycle variation of the Sun's shadow in the 10 TeV cosmic-ray flux observed by the Tibet air shower array during a full solar cycle from 1996 to 2009. In order to clarify the physical implications of the observed solar cycle variation, we develop numerical simulations of the Sun's shadow, using the potential field source surface model and the current sheet source surface (CSSS) model for the coronal magnetic field. We find that the intensity deficit in the simulated Sun's shadow is very sensitive to the coronal magnetic field structure, and the observed variation of the Sun's shadow is better reproduced by the CSSS model. This is the first successful attempt to evaluate the coronal magnetic field models by using the Sun's shadow observed in the TeV cosmic-ray flux.

AB - We report on a clear solar-cycle variation of the Sun's shadow in the 10 TeV cosmic-ray flux observed by the Tibet air shower array during a full solar cycle from 1996 to 2009. In order to clarify the physical implications of the observed solar cycle variation, we develop numerical simulations of the Sun's shadow, using the potential field source surface model and the current sheet source surface (CSSS) model for the coronal magnetic field. We find that the intensity deficit in the simulated Sun's shadow is very sensitive to the coronal magnetic field structure, and the observed variation of the Sun's shadow is better reproduced by the CSSS model. This is the first successful attempt to evaluate the coronal magnetic field models by using the Sun's shadow observed in the TeV cosmic-ray flux.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.011101

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.011101

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