Raman spectroscopy is a powerful technique for revealing spatial heterogeneity in solid-state structures but heretofore has not been able to measure spectra from multiple positions on a sample within a short time. Here, we report a novel Raman spectroscopy approach to study the spatial heterogeneity in thermally annealed amorphous silicon (a-Si) thin films. Raman spectroscopy employs both a galvano-mirror and a two-dimensional charge-coupled device detector system, which can measure spectra at 200 nm intervals at every position along a sample in a short time. We analyzed thermally annealed a-Si thin films with different film thicknesses. The experimental results suggest a correlation between the distribution of the average nanocrystal size over different spatial regions and the thickness of the thermally annealed a-Si thin film. The ability to evaluate the average size of the Si nanocrystals through rapid data acquisition is expected to lead to research into new applications of nanocrystals.
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