Problems, goals and solutions reported by cancer patients participating in group problem-solving therapy

Tomoko Matsui, Kei Hirai, Masako Shokoji, Naoko Kanai, Arika Yoshizaki, Naoko Wada, Naoshi Ito, Madoka Tokuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The purpose of the present study was to categorize and develop lists of contents of problems, goals, solution plans generated through the brainstorming work in therapy, and selected solutions for execution, that treated in problem-solving therapy (PST) for cancer patients in clinical settings, and to describe their characteristics. Additionally, examining the associations of problem domains with characteristics of participants, was also aimed. Methods: We conducted content analysis using records of thirty-one cancer patients (M = 62.6 years old; SD = 10.5) who participated in PST program. Results: Problems were categorized into four domains (e.g. psychological and existential problems; physical problems; social relations; social living environment). Participants under treatment at baseline reported psychological and existential problems most often (P < 0.05). Goals were categorized into four domains (e.g. improving mental health; improving physical functions; improving social relations and improving one’s social living environment). Solution plans generated through the brainstorming work in therapy were categorized into four domains (e.g. emotion regulation/cognitive adjustment; health behaviors; adjustment of social relationships and adjusting one’s social living environment). Selected solutions for execution were categorized into four domains (e.g. emotion regulation/cognitive adjustment; health behaviors; adjustment of social relationships and adjusting one’s social living environment). Conclusions: We found that various problems, goals and solutions were treated in PST of realistic clinical setting. Creating lists based on our study and making use of it for the materials as aids while implementing the PST or being shared with patients and medical staff would be expected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-256
Number of pages12
JournalJapanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Cancer patients
  • Group therapy
  • Problem-solving therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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