Programming Presidential Agendas: Partisan and Media Environments That Lead Presidents to Fight Crime and Corruption

Elizabeth A. Stein, Marisa Andrea Kellam

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This article examines how media and partisan mechanisms of accountability influence presidential agendas in Latin America. The authors argue that responsiveness increases in powerful presidential systems when opposition parties and free media help citizens hold presidents accountable between elections. Where presidents must contend with a cohesive, ideological opposition and effective constraints to their power, they turn to valence issues with broad appeal and over which they have greater control. A free media-one without significant economic, legal, or political constraints-pressures the president to respond to the electorate's concerns, which include crime and corruption due to the incentives that motivate news content and the media's agenda-setting powers. Analyzing more than 50 presidential terms across 18 countries, the authors show that when Latin American presidents face either free and competitive media or strong legislative oppositions, homicide rates and the level of perceived corruption tend to be lower. Thus, this study proposes that efforts to improve media or partisan environments, or both, would help address Latin America's accountability deficit and promote good governance in the region.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)25-52
    Number of pages28
    JournalPolitical Communication
    Volume31
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan

    Fingerprint

    Crime
    corruption
    president
    Lead
    programming
    offense
    Economics
    opposition
    Latin America
    presidential system
    responsibility
    good governance
    homicide
    appeal
    deficit
    news
    election
    incentive
    citizen
    economics

    Keywords

    • accountability
    • corruption
    • crime
    • Latin America
    • media freedom

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Communication
    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    Programming Presidential Agendas : Partisan and Media Environments That Lead Presidents to Fight Crime and Corruption. / Stein, Elizabeth A.; Kellam, Marisa Andrea.

    In: Political Communication, Vol. 31, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 25-52.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    @article{fbb8f14c69c64c2a97dfa94247cbc2d4,
    title = "Programming Presidential Agendas: Partisan and Media Environments That Lead Presidents to Fight Crime and Corruption",
    abstract = "This article examines how media and partisan mechanisms of accountability influence presidential agendas in Latin America. The authors argue that responsiveness increases in powerful presidential systems when opposition parties and free media help citizens hold presidents accountable between elections. Where presidents must contend with a cohesive, ideological opposition and effective constraints to their power, they turn to valence issues with broad appeal and over which they have greater control. A free media-one without significant economic, legal, or political constraints-pressures the president to respond to the electorate's concerns, which include crime and corruption due to the incentives that motivate news content and the media's agenda-setting powers. Analyzing more than 50 presidential terms across 18 countries, the authors show that when Latin American presidents face either free and competitive media or strong legislative oppositions, homicide rates and the level of perceived corruption tend to be lower. Thus, this study proposes that efforts to improve media or partisan environments, or both, would help address Latin America's accountability deficit and promote good governance in the region.",
    keywords = "accountability, corruption, crime, Latin America, media freedom",
    author = "Stein, {Elizabeth A.} and Kellam, {Marisa Andrea}",
    year = "2014",
    month = "1",
    doi = "10.1080/10584609.2012.762075",
    language = "English",
    volume = "31",
    pages = "25--52",
    journal = "Political Communication",
    issn = "1058-4609",
    publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Programming Presidential Agendas

    T2 - Partisan and Media Environments That Lead Presidents to Fight Crime and Corruption

    AU - Stein, Elizabeth A.

    AU - Kellam, Marisa Andrea

    PY - 2014/1

    Y1 - 2014/1

    N2 - This article examines how media and partisan mechanisms of accountability influence presidential agendas in Latin America. The authors argue that responsiveness increases in powerful presidential systems when opposition parties and free media help citizens hold presidents accountable between elections. Where presidents must contend with a cohesive, ideological opposition and effective constraints to their power, they turn to valence issues with broad appeal and over which they have greater control. A free media-one without significant economic, legal, or political constraints-pressures the president to respond to the electorate's concerns, which include crime and corruption due to the incentives that motivate news content and the media's agenda-setting powers. Analyzing more than 50 presidential terms across 18 countries, the authors show that when Latin American presidents face either free and competitive media or strong legislative oppositions, homicide rates and the level of perceived corruption tend to be lower. Thus, this study proposes that efforts to improve media or partisan environments, or both, would help address Latin America's accountability deficit and promote good governance in the region.

    AB - This article examines how media and partisan mechanisms of accountability influence presidential agendas in Latin America. The authors argue that responsiveness increases in powerful presidential systems when opposition parties and free media help citizens hold presidents accountable between elections. Where presidents must contend with a cohesive, ideological opposition and effective constraints to their power, they turn to valence issues with broad appeal and over which they have greater control. A free media-one without significant economic, legal, or political constraints-pressures the president to respond to the electorate's concerns, which include crime and corruption due to the incentives that motivate news content and the media's agenda-setting powers. Analyzing more than 50 presidential terms across 18 countries, the authors show that when Latin American presidents face either free and competitive media or strong legislative oppositions, homicide rates and the level of perceived corruption tend to be lower. Thus, this study proposes that efforts to improve media or partisan environments, or both, would help address Latin America's accountability deficit and promote good governance in the region.

    KW - accountability

    KW - corruption

    KW - crime

    KW - Latin America

    KW - media freedom

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893279436&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84893279436&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1080/10584609.2012.762075

    DO - 10.1080/10584609.2012.762075

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:84893279436

    VL - 31

    SP - 25

    EP - 52

    JO - Political Communication

    JF - Political Communication

    SN - 1058-4609

    IS - 1

    ER -