Polyethylene oxide (PEO), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) based gel electrolytes with a mixture of ethylene carbonate and propylene carbonate as plasticizer and lithium perchlorate were used to fabricate an electric double-layer capacitor (EDLC). The performance of EDLCs with these gel electrolyes was investigated by using isotropic high-density graphite electrodes. The ion conductivities of various of gel electrolytes were of the order of 10-4 to 10-3 S cm-1, and they decreased in the order PAN > PEO > PMMA at ambient temperature. Capacitances approaching the value of EDLCs using organic liquid electrolyte, 20 mF cm-2, with an isotropic high-density graphite electrode were obtained in PAN and PMMA gel electrolytes. The EDLC with PMMA-based gel electrolyte showed good charge-discharge behavior over 104 cycles at a charge potential of 3.0 V.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry