Properties of electric double-layer capacitors with various polymer gel electrolytes

Xingjiang Liu, Tetsuya Osaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polyethylene oxide (PEO), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) based gel electrolytes with a mixture of ethylene carbonate and propylene carbonate as plasticizer and lithium perchlorate were used to fabricate an electric double-layer capacitor (EDLC). The performance of EDLCs with these gel electrolyes was investigated by using isotropic high-density graphite electrodes. The ion conductivities of various of gel electrolytes were of the order of 10-4 to 10-3 S cm-1, and they decreased in the order PAN > PEO > PMMA at ambient temperature. Capacitances approaching the value of EDLCs using organic liquid electrolyte, 20 mF cm-2, with an isotropic high-density graphite electrode were obtained in PAN and PMMA gel electrolytes. The EDLC with PMMA-based gel electrolyte showed good charge-discharge behavior over 104 cycles at a charge potential of 3.0 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3066-3071
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume144
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Sep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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