Proposal of novel physical concentration flow for the recovery of cathode materials from spent mobile phone LIBs

Takahiro Suwa, Nozomi Sasai, Shuji Owada

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Considerable amount of minor rare metals, such as Co, Ni, Mn, Li are contained in spe nt lithi um ion bat teries (LIBs) and these me tals should be recov ered. Recently hydrometallurgical processes were developed to treat the defective cathode materials gener at ed from their ma nuf acturi ng pla nts, but the effective pr ocess of conc entrati ng cathode materials from spent LIBs has not been developed yet. This paper proposed a proper flowchart for concentrating the cathode materials, especially Co, from the spent LIBs by combining roasting, selective crushing, screening, flotation and magnetic separation. Two kinds of roasting processes, single stage and two-stage, have been proposed. In the two-stage roasting; the conditions of the first stage were set at relatively lower temperature and in shorter time in order to depress the oxidation of Al and Cu sheets and keep the sheet structure in non-destructive form in order to remove them into coarse fraction by screening after adequate crushing; and the conditions of the second stage were at relatively higher temperature and in longer time in order to improve the transformation of LiCoO2 into CoO and/or metal Co and to facilitate the subsequence magnetic separation. It was found that the selective crushing and screening after the two-stage roasting could concentrate cathode materials into fine fractions and Al and Cu components could be removed into coarse fractions and that flotation could remove C component effectively as a froth and magnetic separation could remove Al components. Finally, we could produce the concentrate of 59.4 wt% Co with the recovery of 85.0 % by the above flowchart.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEARTH 2015 - Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology
    PublisherInternational Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology
    Pages721-729
    Number of pages9
    Publication statusPublished - 2015
    Event13th International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology, EARTH 2015 - Pattaya, Thailand
    Duration: 2015 Nov 12015 Nov 4

    Other

    Other13th International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology, EARTH 2015
    CountryThailand
    CityPattaya
    Period15/11/115/11/4

    Fingerprint

    crushing
    metal
    bat
    oxidation
    mobile phone
    material
    ion
    screening
    flotation

    Keywords

    • Cathode material
    • Flotation
    • Lithium ion battery
    • Magnet separation
    • Roasting

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Environmental Science(all)

    Cite this

    Suwa, T., Sasai, N., & Owada, S. (2015). Proposal of novel physical concentration flow for the recovery of cathode materials from spent mobile phone LIBs. In EARTH 2015 - Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology (pp. 721-729). International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology.

    Proposal of novel physical concentration flow for the recovery of cathode materials from spent mobile phone LIBs. / Suwa, Takahiro; Sasai, Nozomi; Owada, Shuji.

    EARTH 2015 - Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology. International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology, 2015. p. 721-729.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Suwa, T, Sasai, N & Owada, S 2015, Proposal of novel physical concentration flow for the recovery of cathode materials from spent mobile phone LIBs. in EARTH 2015 - Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology. International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology, pp. 721-729, 13th International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology, EARTH 2015, Pattaya, Thailand, 15/11/1.
    Suwa T, Sasai N, Owada S. Proposal of novel physical concentration flow for the recovery of cathode materials from spent mobile phone LIBs. In EARTH 2015 - Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology. International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology. 2015. p. 721-729
    Suwa, Takahiro ; Sasai, Nozomi ; Owada, Shuji. / Proposal of novel physical concentration flow for the recovery of cathode materials from spent mobile phone LIBs. EARTH 2015 - Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology. International Symposium on East Asian Resources Recycling Technology, 2015. pp. 721-729
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