Psychological, social, and environmental factors associated with utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea

Hyun Shik Kim, Masashi Miyashita, Kazuhiro Harada, Jong Hwan Park, Jae Moo So, Yoshio Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among the psychological, social, and environmental factors influencing the utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea. Methods: A questionnaire survey was administered to two types of older adults who lived in Seoul, Korea: 262 older adults who used senior centers (3 places) and 156 older adults who did not use senior centers. Results: Our results showed clearly that the utilization of the senior centers in Korea is affected by higher self-efficacy (odds ratio [OR], 6.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.31 to 12.32), higher perceived benefits (OR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.16 to 4.36), lower perceived barriers (OR, 6.43; 95% CI, 3.07 to 11.45), higher family support (OR, 4.21; 95% CI, 2.02 to 8.77), and higher support from friends (OR, 4.08; 95% CI, 2.38 to 7.81). The results also showed that participants whose total travel time was 15 to 29 minutes (OR, 2.84; 95% CI, 1.21 to 3.64) or less than 14 minutes (OR, 4.68; 95% CI, 3.41 to 8.41) were more likely to use a senior center than those who had to travel more than 30 minutes. Conclusions: This study showed that the utilization of senior centers in Korea is affected by psychological, social, and environmental factors, specifically by self-efficacy, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, social support, convenience of transportation, and total travel time to the senior centers. The effects of longer-term utilization of the senior centers by non-users on health-related outcomes in a large population warrant attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-250
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul

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Senior Centers
Korea
Psychology
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Self Efficacy
Social Support

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Perceived benefits and barriers
  • Prevention of long-term care
  • Self efficacy
  • Senior center
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Psychological, social, and environmental factors associated with utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea. / Kim, Hyun Shik; Miyashita, Masashi; Harada, Kazuhiro; Park, Jong Hwan; So, Jae Moo; Nakamura, Yoshio.

In: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Vol. 45, No. 4, 07.2012, p. 244-250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among the psychological, social, and environmental factors influencing the utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea. Methods: A questionnaire survey was administered to two types of older adults who lived in Seoul, Korea: 262 older adults who used senior centers (3 places) and 156 older adults who did not use senior centers. Results: Our results showed clearly that the utilization of the senior centers in Korea is affected by higher self-efficacy (odds ratio [OR], 6.08; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 3.31 to 12.32), higher perceived benefits (OR, 1.71; 95{\%} CI, 1.16 to 4.36), lower perceived barriers (OR, 6.43; 95{\%} CI, 3.07 to 11.45), higher family support (OR, 4.21; 95{\%} CI, 2.02 to 8.77), and higher support from friends (OR, 4.08; 95{\%} CI, 2.38 to 7.81). The results also showed that participants whose total travel time was 15 to 29 minutes (OR, 2.84; 95{\%} CI, 1.21 to 3.64) or less than 14 minutes (OR, 4.68; 95{\%} CI, 3.41 to 8.41) were more likely to use a senior center than those who had to travel more than 30 minutes. Conclusions: This study showed that the utilization of senior centers in Korea is affected by psychological, social, and environmental factors, specifically by self-efficacy, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, social support, convenience of transportation, and total travel time to the senior centers. The effects of longer-term utilization of the senior centers by non-users on health-related outcomes in a large population warrant attention.",
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