Psychological vulnerability to depression: Negative rumination, perfectionism, immodithymic personality, dysfunctional attitudes, and depressive states

Taku Ito, Koji Takenaka, Ichiro Agari

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Although many psychological variables predisposing people to depression have been proposed, factors common to them have not been investigated. The present study examined whether negative rumination might be a common factor in several predispositions to depression, such as perfectionism, immodithymic personality, and dysfuctional attitudes. Undergraduate students (N = 191) participated in an 8-month longitudinal study. Correlational and multiple regression analyses indicated that (1) perfectionism, immodithymic personality, and dysfunctional attitudes commonly correlate positively with negative rumination, and (2) negative rumination, but not perfectionism, immodithymic personality, or dysfunctional attitudes, was a significant predictor of depression. These findings suggest that negative rumination, as a common factor of vulnerability to depression, has a place in the mechanism of depression caused by perfectionism, immodithymic personality, and dysfunctional attitudes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)162-171
    Number of pages10
    JournalJapanese Journal of Educational Psychology
    Volume53
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jun

    Fingerprint

    Personality
    personality
    vulnerability
    Depression
    Psychology
    Longitudinal Studies
    longitudinal study
    Regression Analysis
    Perfectionism
    Students
    regression
    student

    Keywords

    • Dysfunctional attitudes
    • Immodithymic personality
    • Perfectionism
    • Psychological vulnerability to depression
    • Rumination

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology

    Cite this

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    abstract = "Although many psychological variables predisposing people to depression have been proposed, factors common to them have not been investigated. The present study examined whether negative rumination might be a common factor in several predispositions to depression, such as perfectionism, immodithymic personality, and dysfuctional attitudes. Undergraduate students (N = 191) participated in an 8-month longitudinal study. Correlational and multiple regression analyses indicated that (1) perfectionism, immodithymic personality, and dysfunctional attitudes commonly correlate positively with negative rumination, and (2) negative rumination, but not perfectionism, immodithymic personality, or dysfunctional attitudes, was a significant predictor of depression. These findings suggest that negative rumination, as a common factor of vulnerability to depression, has a place in the mechanism of depression caused by perfectionism, immodithymic personality, and dysfunctional attitudes.",
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    AU - Takenaka, Koji

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