The relationship between psychosocial factors and the occurrence and aggravation of peptic ulcer was studied in elderly people. Thirty-nine (14 male) ulcer patients and 79 (30 male) elderly people aged 65 years and over and living in the community were tested. Information on health status, medication, lifestyle, and psychosocial status was obtained by means of interviews using a questionnaire and from the clinical records of the ulcer patients. The same questionnaire was distributed to the residents. Logistic regression analysis adjusting for age disclosed that peptic ulcer was significantly associated with having an occupation and low exercise practice in men. However, the relationship weakened below statistical significance after adjusting for some physical risk factors besides age. Low education was significant but low instrumental support fell short of statistical significance with peptic ulcer in women even after adjustment for several physical risk factors besides age. Thus, the specific psychosocial factors might be independently associated with the occurrence and aggravation of peptic ulcer in at least elderly women.
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