Pulsed electrodeposition of cobalt nanoparticles on copper

Influence of the operating parameters on size distribution and morphology

Francesca Pagnanelli, Pietro Altimari, Marco Bellagamba, Giuseppe Granata, Emanuela Moscardini, Pier Giorgio Schiavi, Luigi Toro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cobalt nanoparticles were synthesized by pulsed electrodeposition on copper substrate. Scanning electron microscopy and image analysis were used to determine morphology and particle size distribution of nanoparticle populations obtained in different operating conditions. After preliminary tests, ton and toff were set at 50 and 300 ms respectively to obtain distinct nanoparticles and avoid dendritic structures. Experimental tests were performed according to two partially superimposed factorial designs with two factors at two levels. First factorial design investigated the effect of current density (I =10 and 50 mA/cm2) and discharged cobalt (Q =2.5 x10-3 and 1.0 x 10-2C); second factorial design investigated the effect of cobalt concentration (C0 = 0.01 and 0.1 M) for the same two levels of Q. For optimized value of ton/toff, square and hexagonal shaped nanoparticles were obtained. Statistical analysis evidenced that, for C0 = 0.1 mol/L, current density is the most infl uencing factor on mean size: increasing I from 10 to 50 mA/cm2 determined a diminution of mean size of 240 nm. For the same cobalt concentration, increasing the deposition time (Q) determined an increase of mean size of 60 nm. Diminishing the initial cobalt concentration from 0.1 to 0.01 mol/L determined an increase of mean size from 10 nm to 36 nm. For C0 = 0.01 mol/L nanoparticles grow reaching an optimal size (36 nm) and then, increasing the time of deposition, optimal sized subunits tend to aggregate. As for polydispersity of nanoparticles, statistical tests denoted that increasing I determined significant reduction of variance, while increasing the time of deposition determined a significant increase of variance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-235
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 10
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cobalt
Electrodeposition
Copper
Nanoparticles
Current density
Statistical tests
Polydispersity
Particle size analysis
Image analysis
Statistical methods
Scanning electron microscopy
Substrates

Keywords

  • Cobalt
  • Electrodeposition
  • Image analysis
  • Nanoparticles
  • Particle size distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Pulsed electrodeposition of cobalt nanoparticles on copper : Influence of the operating parameters on size distribution and morphology. / Pagnanelli, Francesca; Altimari, Pietro; Bellagamba, Marco; Granata, Giuseppe; Moscardini, Emanuela; Schiavi, Pier Giorgio; Toro, Luigi.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 155, 10.02.2015, p. 228-235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pagnanelli, Francesca ; Altimari, Pietro ; Bellagamba, Marco ; Granata, Giuseppe ; Moscardini, Emanuela ; Schiavi, Pier Giorgio ; Toro, Luigi. / Pulsed electrodeposition of cobalt nanoparticles on copper : Influence of the operating parameters on size distribution and morphology. In: Electrochimica Acta. 2015 ; Vol. 155. pp. 228-235.
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